For example, in the U.S., the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) requires permits for research activities in U.S. territorial waters and U.S. EEZ. This applies to U.S. citizens and foreign nationals alike.
In addition, the MMPA requires that U.S. citizens who conduct research on the high seas (i.e., in international waters) also obtain a permit. However, this provision would not apply to foreign nationals. Nevertheless, a researcher from a foreign country conducting research on marine mammals in international waters may be subject to a similar requirement under their own country's laws.
Hope this helps.
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