Gulf Stream and whales

From: Dagmar Fertl (
Date: Wed Oct 20 2004 - 17:09:14 EDT

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    I am a retired physical oceanographer working now on Gulf Stream and its
    influence on marine ecosystem. I am looking for information and references
    on the association whales/gulf stream. Can you help me?

    I look also for illustrations of that association. For exemple I found a map
    of eddies in gulf of mexico from satellite altimetry showing the association
    of cold eddies and whales. Is there something similar for Gulf Stream?


    Bruno Voituriez

    Dear Bruno,

    The Northeast Fisheries Science Center of the National Marine Fisheries
    Service (NOAA) is involved in studying the association you are interested
    in. I would suggest contacting Dr. Gordon Waring or other scientists up in
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts. You should be able to find contact information
    easily on the Internet. Dr. Bob Griffin is currently based at the Mote
    Marine Laboratory located in Sarasota, Florida. Below are a few selected

    Waring, G. T., C. P. Fairfield, et al. (1992). Cetaceans associated with
    Gulf Stream features off the northeastern USA Shelf. Copenhagen,
    International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: 1-29.

    Waring, G. T., C. P. Fairfield, et al. (1993). "Sperm whales associated with
    Gulf Stream features off the northeastern USA shelf." Fisheries Oceanography
    2(2): 101-105.

    Griffin, R. B. (1999). "Sperm whale distributions and community ecology
    associated with a warm-core ring off George's Bank." Marine Mammal Science
    15(1): 33-51.

    As for your second question regarding the physical oceanography aspect,
    again, I suggest you speak directly with someone at NMFS for that
    information, and they can provide you with more information such as the
    standard deviation of the Gulf Stream, etc.

    Best wishes,

    Dagmar Fertl

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