I am a retired physical oceanographer working now on Gulf Stream and its
influence on marine ecosystem. I am looking for information and references
on the association whales/gulf stream. Can you help me?
I look also for illustrations of that association. For exemple I found a map
of eddies in gulf of mexico from satellite altimetry showing the association
of cold eddies and whales. Is there something similar for Gulf Stream?
The Northeast Fisheries Science Center of the National Marine Fisheries
Service (NOAA) is involved in studying the association you are interested
in. I would suggest contacting Dr. Gordon Waring or other scientists up in
Woods Hole, Massachusetts. You should be able to find contact information
easily on the Internet. Dr. Bob Griffin is currently based at the Mote
Marine Laboratory located in Sarasota, Florida. Below are a few selected
Waring, G. T., C. P. Fairfield, et al. (1992). Cetaceans associated with
Gulf Stream features off the northeastern USA Shelf. Copenhagen,
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: 1-29.
Waring, G. T., C. P. Fairfield, et al. (1993). "Sperm whales associated with
Gulf Stream features off the northeastern USA shelf." Fisheries Oceanography
Griffin, R. B. (1999). "Sperm whale distributions and community ecology
associated with a warm-core ring off George's Bank." Marine Mammal Science
As for your second question regarding the physical oceanography aspect,
again, I suggest you speak directly with someone at NMFS for that
information, and they can provide you with more information such as the
standard deviation of the Gulf Stream, etc.
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