Subject: Whaling and Careers in Mar Bio

Kim Marshall (kim@whale.org)
Sat, 3 Jan 1998 14:39:00 -0500

Hi Mackenzie,

In 1986 the INternational Whaling Commission passed a moratorium on whaling
so that the only whaling permitted was scientific whaling and traditional
whaling.  Today there are quotas set to limit hunting of whales that are
not endangered like the Minke whale.  Most countries do not hunt whales
anymore but Japan, Norway, Iceland are still interesed in commercial
whaling and do hunt MInke whales.  There a strict laws that these countries
obey but sometimes illegal sales of whale meat are found.  We hope that by
educating people about whales they might consider alternative resources for
whale meat etc.

If you are interested in a career working with marine mammals this is a
guide to pursuing a career in Mar. Bio - Good luck!

STRATEGIES FOR PURSUING A CAREER IN MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE

The following is available (with active links) from
http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~smm/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

The field of marine mammal science has a growing appeal. Yet, many students
do not clearly understand what the field involves. This brochure addresses
questions commonly asked by people seeking a career in marine mammal
science in the United States and provides suggestions on how to plan
education and work experience.

What is marine mammal science?

There are about 100 species of aquatic or marine mammals that depend on
fresh water or the ocean for part or all of their life. These species
include pinnipeds, which are seals, sea lions, fur seals and walrus;
cetaceans, which are baleen and toothed whales, ocean and river dolphins,
and porpoises; sirenians, which are manatees and dugongs; and some
carnivores, such as sea otters and polar bears. Marine mammal scientists
try to understand these animals' genetic, systematic, and evolutionary
relationships; population structure; community dynamics; anatomy and
physiology; behavior and sensory abilities; parasites and diseases;
geographic and microhabitat distributions; ecology; management; and
conservation.

How difficult is it to pursue a career in marine mammal science?

Working with marine mammals is appealing because of strong public interest
in these animals and because the work is personally rewarding. However,
competition for positions is keen.

There are no specific statistics available on employment of students
trained as marine mammal scientists. However, in 1990 the National Science
Board reported some general statistics for employment of scientists within
the US: 75% of scientists with B.S. degrees were employed (43% of them held
positions in science or engineering), 20% were in graduate school, and 5%
were unemployed.

Marine mammal scientists are hired because of their skills as scientists,
not because they like or want to work with marine mammals. A strong
academic background in basic sciences, such as biology, chemistry, and
physics, coupled with good training in mathematics and computers, is the
best way to prepare for a career in marine mammal science. Persistence and
diverse experiences make the most qualified individuals. Often developing a
specialized scientific skill or technique, such as acoustics analysis,
biostatistics, genetic analysis, or biomolecuIar analyses, provides a
competitive edge.

What are typical salaries in marine mammal careers?

Marine mammal scientists enter this field for the satisfaction of the work,
not for the money-making potential of the career. Salaries vary greatly
among marine mammal scientists, with government and industry jobs having
the highest pay. Salary levels will increase with years of experience and
graduate degrees, but generally remain low considering the amount of
experience and education needed. High competition in this field most likely
will keep salaries at a modest level. A 1990 survey of 1,234 mammalogists
conducted by the American Society of Mammalogists indicated that 42.7% of
the respondents earned >$40,000/year. The salary range that included the
most respondents (21.2%) was the $30,000-$40,000 range.

What types of jobs involve marine mammals?

Most jobs with marine mammals are not as exciting or glamorous as popular
television programs make them seem. Marine mammal studies often involve
long, hard, soggy, sunburned days at sea, countless hours in a laboratory,
extensive work on computers, hard labor such as hauling buckets of fish to
feed animals, hours of cleanup, numerous reports, tedious grant
applications and permit applications.

As in other fields of science, jobs dealing with marine mammals vary
widely. Examples of marine mammal jobs include researcher, field biologist,
fishery vessel observer, laboratory technician, animal trainer, animal care
specialist, veterinarian, whalewatch guide, naturalist, educator at any
level and government or private agency positions in legislative,
management, conservation, and animal welfare issues. Many marine mammal
scientists work with museum displays and collections, as a curator, an
artist, an illustrator, a photographer, or a film maker.

Answers to the following questions will help focus interests and indicate
which marine mammal scientists and facilities to contact for education,
work experience, and job opportunities.

1) What specific areas are of interest, e.g. anatomy, physiology,
evolution, taxonomy, ecology, ethology, psychology, molecular biology,
genetics, veterinary medicine, pathology, toxicology, biostatistics,
management, conservation, museum curation, or education?

2) What species or group of marine mammals is of interest, e.g. cetaceans,
sirenians or marine carnivores?

3) Is a career involved in field or laboratory work desired?

4) Is a career involve with care of animals, teaching, research, or
legislative/policy matters wanted?

5) Is working for government, industry, academia, oceanaria, museums,
private organizations, or self-employment best?

6) In what part of the world is work desired?

For example, the manatee is an endangered species in Florida. They have a
high mortality rate because of accidental entrapment in flood control
gates, collisions with speed boats, and loss of habitat. Local, state, and
federal governments fund research on this species. Some local industries
also are involved with management of manatees. Therefore, people wanting to
study manatees most likely should look for education and work experience at
universities and research facilities in Florida.

Who employs marine mammal scientists?

A variety of international, federal, state, and local government agencies
employ marine mammal scientists for positions in research, education,
management, and legal/policy development. U.S. federal agencies include the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries
Service, Minerals Management Service, US Fish & Wildlife Service, US
National Biological Service, US Navy, Office of Naval Research, Coast
Guard, and Marine Mammal Commission. Other Federal agencies that work on
marine-related issues include the National Park Service, Army Corps of
Engineers, Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Department of State, and
Smithsonian Institution.

When oceanic operations, such as oil and gas exploration, production, and
transportation, affect marine mammals these industries often hires marine
mammal experts. Because commercial fishing operations can conflict with
marine mammal conservation, some fishing organizations hire marine mammal
scientists. Many environmental, advocacy, and animal welfare organizations
hire marine mammal specialists. Oceanaria and zoos hire marine mammal
specialists for veterinary care, husbandry, training, research, and
education programs. Museums hire marine mammal specialists for educational
programs, research, and curatorial positions.

What education is necessary to become a marine mammal scientist?

High School Studies:

A broad education is essential for finding employment in marinemammal
science. High school courses such as biology, chemistry,physics,
mathematics, computer science, and language will provide a good educational
base. Consult a guidance counselor for help inselecting course work. Good
grades are essential for admission to a university.

Undergraduate Studies:

Most entry-level marine mammal jobs require a B.S. degree, with a major in
biology, chemistry, physics, geology, or psychology. A minor in any
science, computer science, mathematics, statistics, or engineering also can
be helpful. Good language and technical writing skills are essential. Many
people are surprised by the amount of writing involved in marine mammal
professions. Because marine mammals are found worldwide, foreign language
training often is useful.

A student must first become a scientist before specializing in marine
mammals. Generally, undergraduate students will concentrate on a basic
science curriculum and rarely have an opportunity to take courses related
to marine mammal science. Specialization in marine mammals generally comes
later through practical work experience or while working toward an advanced
degree. In other words, if your B.S. degree program does not include
courses in marine sciences, do not become discouraged. Concentrate on
finding practical experience and/or a master's degree with emphasis in
marine mammal science. Maintaining a high grade point average as an
undergraduate is very important to gain admission to graduate school.

Graduate Studies:

The master's degree is usually the first opportunity college students have
to specialize in marine mammal science. Care should be taken to select an
advisor with experience in the subject and a reputable university with a
diverse curriculum that will enables focus on marine mammal science.

Students who have dual majors or interdisciplinary training sometimes have
more employment opportunities. Because the field of marine mammal science
is so diverse, students who train in specialized areas have practical tools
that may help them gain employment. For example, a graduate degree in
statistics can be very useful for entering the field of population
assessment. A degree in electrical engineering can be particularly useful
for bioacoustic research. A graduate degree in environmental law can be
important for developing a career in government policy-making or
conservation.

What additional career opportunities will a graduate degree provide?

With a B.S. degree, potential positions include animal care specialist,
animal trainer, field technician, laboratory technician, consultant for
industry, and entry-level government position. Generally, jobs at this
level offer little opportunity for self-directed work.

The M.S. degree can facilitate individual work with marine mammals, e.g.
designing research projects, developing management plans, supervising field
or laboratory studies, or heading programs in education, husbandry, or
training.

The acquisition of a Ph.D. or D.V.M. (or both) provides more career
opportunities, including design and management of field and laboratory
research programs, university faculty positions, coordination of government
and industry programs, and management positions in oceanaria or museums.

Years of practical work experience sometimes can substitute for a graduate
degree, but the time required to advance is typically longer.

How to find a university program in marine mammal science:

There are very few universities that offer a marine mammal science
curriculum. To select an undergraduate university, visit campuses and talk
with professors and students about career interests. Most university
libraries or counseling centers have university catalogs to identify
schools. In addition, there are several publications that list graduate
programs by state and discipline, list marine mammal scientists by address,
or summarize areas of research by marine mammal scientists (see list at the
end of this brochure).

An interest in a certain marine mammal species may influence the geographic
location of the graduate university selected. However, in most instances
the best university is determined by selecting a graduate advisor
specializing in a particular field.

Students should consider applying to several graduate schools. Application
deadlines vary, but typically applications should be submitted in January
for admission into a graduate program the following fall. Many universities
require graduate school applicants to take the Graduate Record Examination
(GRE) and include the test scores with their applications.

How to find an advisor for graduate studies:

Selecting an advisor for a graduate degree is a very important decision. He
or she will become a mentor, a career-long colleague, and will help
establish a network of scientific colleagues. An advisor helps to obtain
funds to support graduate student research and helps make contacts for
future employment.

First, identify marine mammal scientists who are doing current research in
an area of interest, their university affiliation, whether they have funds
to support graduate students, and if they are accepting new students. Keep
in mind that many government and industry scientists also have adjunct
appointments at universities and can serve as co-advisors. There are two
ways to find potential advisors:

1) Find the names of authors in current scientific journals, such as Marine
Mammal Science, Aquatic Mammals, Journal of Mammalogy, Canadian Journal of
Zoology, Journal of Zoology, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, or
Fisheries Bulletin, or in recently published books on marine mammals.
Scientists who publish may be in situations where they can accept graduate
students.

2) Attend specialized scientific conferences on marine mammals hosted by
professional societies such as The Society for Marine Mammalogy,
International Marine Animal Trainers' Association, European Association for
Aquatic Mammals, European Cetacean Society, American Cetacean Society, or
International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine. Dates and locations
of these meetings are published in the newsletter or journal of the
respective societies. At these meetings, make a personal contact with a
potential advisor and express your interest in doing graduate work with him
or her. Follow-up any good lead with a telephone call, letter, or visit.

Because there is competition for advisors in the field of marine mammal
science, an advisor will select students from a pool of applicants.
Students should realize that, unlike the case in undergraduate study,
graduate school faculty do NOT have to advise students just because they
are enrolled at their university. Students sometimes enroll at a university
because of a well-known professor and assume they will have the opportunity
to work under him or her. BEFORE entering a graduate program, contact the
professor and establish his or her willingness to serve as an advisor. If
necessary, discuss the possibilities of financial support and decide on a
potential research project.

Choose a thesis research topic carefully so it is practical, scientifically
sound and potentially fundable. Seek advice from others on this, perhaps in
the form of a draft research proposal. At many universities, the advisor
needs to notify the graduate school to approve an application. Many
prospective graduate students with good grades and experience are rejected
because they do not have an advisor working from inside the university to
facilitate their acceptance.

Many graduate schools will not accept students without financial support.
Graduate assistantship funds for marine mammal studies are rare, and most
graduate programs have a limited number of teaching assistantships.
Students should be prepared to support themselves or find research funds on
their own.

How to write a cover letter with an application:

To write the most appropriate cover letter with a job or graduate program
application, carefully review the description of the position and tailor
the cover letter to fit those requirements. Proper spelling and grammar are
essential because they reflect the thoroughness of work. Include the
telephone/fax number and address where you can be reached, so a potential
employer or advisor can easily find you. Include a list of three names,
addresses and telephone numbers of people who can be contacted for a
recommendation. Contact these references in advance to ensure they are
willing to provide a good recommendation.

What information to include in a resume:

Opinions vary about the appropriate resume style and length. The attached
sample resume provides some example headings and topicsfor a resume.
Remember that the priority of items on the resume might be reordered or
changed, depending on the specific job or graduate program. Proper spelling
and grammar are essential!

Many resumes end up in the "circular file" if spelling or grammar errors
are detected. Expensive paper with fancy logos generally do not enhance an
applicant's chances.

How to obtain letters of recommendation:

Always ask a person directly if he/she is willing to write a supportive
letter of recommendation. Consider asking past employers, work colleagues
and instructors to write letters of support. Choose people who know you and
your skills well. The best letters of recommendation are written to match
the specific description of the job or graduate program. For example, an
instructor will write a letter of recommendation with a different emphasis
depending on whether the position is for research, teaching or graduate
study. To facilitate this, always give the writer a copy of the job or
graduate program description along with a resume, a pre-addressed, stamped
envelope and the deadline for submitting the letter of recommendation. If
possible, provide an outline or draft proposal of any research to be
conducted.

How to convince an advisor to accept a graduate student:

1 ) Talk to current or former graduate students of a particular advisor and
ask how to promote yourself.

2) Send the advisor a letter and resume inquiring about the possibility of
working with him or her. Be specific about research interests and career
goals. Follow-up with a telephone call or visit.

3) Initiate a personal contact with a potential advisor. Faculty members
rarely request visits by potential students because such encouragement
might be misconstrued as an agreement to serve as the student's advisor. As
mentioned earlier, one good opportunity to meet a potential advisor is at a
scientific conference. Another strategy is to contact a potential advisor,
noting that you just "happen to be in the area" and would like to meet. It
is very useful to be informed about the advisor's background, research
interests and publications and point out ways that interests interface.

4) Gain practical work experience, which is an increasingly important
factor in admission to a graduate program. Develop a well-rounded set of
experiences, including work in the marine environment.

5) Publish in a scientific journal. Co-authoring a paper still can impress
a potential advisor.

How to gain practical work experience with marine mammals:

As a high school or undergraduate student, practical experience can be
gained by volunteering at federal, state, or local organizations that work
with marine mammals. For example, volunteer as a laboratory assistant for a
research project with marine mammals or volunteer for the marine mammal
stranding network in the United States. Also, oceanaria, zoos, and museums
often have large volunteer or docent programs. This volunteer experience
provides practical skills, an employer reference, a network of contacts in
the field of marine mammal science, and most importantly helps determine
whether this type of work is appealing. Because they already have observed
a volunteer's work habits and commitment, organizations often hire from
their pool of volunteers. Many oceanaria, zoos, museums, and government
agencies have internships that provide practical experience (see list at
the end of this brochure).

Many careers in marine mammal science require experience in the marine
environment. SCUBA certification, boat-handling experience, or sea time can
be helpful in securing employment in the field of marine mammal science.

How to become a marine mammal trainer:

Most marine mammal trainers start by volunteering at an oceanarium or zoo.
Often people work in other departments, such as operations, maintenance, or
education, before transferring to a job in animal training. For the best
advice about a career in marine mammal training, contact the International
Marine Animal Trainers' Association.

How to become a marine mammal veterinarian:

To become a marine mammal veterinarian, follow the basic curriculum and
schooling of other veterinarians, but try to gain practical experience with
marine mammals by volunteering at an oceanarium or zoo. A few veterinary
schools are developing specialized course work in the area of exotic animal
medicine, including marine mammals. For more information, contact the
American Veterinary Medical Association and the International Association
for Aquatic Animal Medicine.

How to find out about jobs with marine mammals:

Often a good source for job announcements is the personnel department of a
specific agency. The journal "Science" and "The Chronicle of Higher
Education" list academic positions at junior colleges, colleges, and
universities. Some sources of job announcements in marine mammal science
appear at the end of this brochure.

Many jobs are not announced, rather are filled by volunteers at an
organization, by a graduate student of a colleague, through an informal
interview at a scientific conference, or from a recommendation by a
colleague. In addition to what you know, who you know is very important in
finding a marine mammal job. It is valuable to keep an active network of
marine mammal colleagues. Attending scientific conferences is very useful
for maintaining the network and identifying job opportunities. Electronic
bulletin boards, such as MARMAM or WHALENET announce upcoming jobs. When
looking for a job, make that fact known in these informal networks of
marine mammal scientists.

Many job opportunities are a matter of being in the right place at the
right time. Controlling the right time is difficult, but obtain the
appropriate education, be in the right place, and wait for the right time.
For example, chances of obtaining a career designing educational exhibits
on marine mammals are greatly enhanced if a candidate has an M.S. degree
and volunteers in the exhibits department of an oceanarium.

Good luck in pursuing a career in marine mammal science.

PREPARED BY:

Jeanette Thomas, President
Daniel OdeIl, Chair Education Committee
The Society for Marine Mammalogy

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS:

The authors thank the Marine Mammal Commission and the Board of Governors
of The Society for Marine Mammalogy for their comments and editorial help.

FUNDED BY:

The Society for Marine Mammalogy
The Marine Mammal Commission

THIS DOCUMENT IS NOT COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. PLEASE FEEL FREE TO MAKE COPIES.

BOOKS:

Basta, N. 1992. The environmental career guide. John Wiley and Sons.1992.
Environmental jobs for scientists and engineers. John Wiley and Sons.

Burtis, W.S. 1991. Ocean opportunities. Marine Technology Society, 1825 K
St., NW, Washington, DC 20006.

Careers in Oceanography and Marine-Related Fields: a special: edition with
emphasis on opportunities for sensory or physically disabled persons. 1990.
The Oceanography Society. 4052 Timber Ridge Drive, Virginia Beach, VA 23455

Careers in Oceanography and Marine-Related Fields. 1995. The Oceanography
Society. 4052 Timber Ridge Drive, Virginia Beach, VA 23455.

Chronicle guidance. Marine biologists. 1986. Brief 543, 4th ed. Chronicle
Guidance Publications, Inc., Moravia, NY, 5 pp.

Heitzmann, W.R. 1988. Opportunities in marine and maritime careers. 2nd ed.
With a forward by Jean-Michel Cousteau. Lincolnwood, IL: VGM Career
Horizons, a division of National Textbook Company.

The new complete guide to environmental careers. 1993. Island Press. CEIP
Fund, 68 Harrison Avenue, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02111-1907.

The occupational outlook handbook 1992. US Dept of Labor, Bureau of Labor
Statistics. Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office,
Washington, DC 20402.

Peterson's annual guide to undergraduate study, four year colleges. 1995.
Princeton, N J: Peterson's Guides, Inc. (annual).

Peterson's guide to graduate programs in the biological and agricultural
sciences, BK. 3, 25th ed. 1993. Princeton, N J: Peterson's Guides, Inc.

Rucciuti, E.R. 1983. They work with wildlife: jobs for people who want to
work with animals. New York, NY: Harper & Row Publisher, Inc.

Schaefer, F.S. Training and careers in marine science. The International
Oceanographic Foundation, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149.

Shorto, R. 1992. Careers for animal lovers. Interviews by Russell Shorto.
Brookfield, CT: The Millbrook Press.

Stout, P.K. 1975. Marine career series: marine-related occupations. A
primer for high school students. University of Rhode Island, Sea Grant
Program, Marine Memorandum No. 41, URI, Narragansett, RI.

University curricula in oceanography and related fields, a guide to US
academic and technical programs, 1988-1991. 1991. Marine Technology
Society, 1825 K St. NW, Washington, DC 20006.

ARTICLES:

Anonymous. 1994. What college bound students abroad are expected to know
about biology. American Educator, Spring 1994. Published by the American
Federation of Teachers.

Anonymous. 1994. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Almanac. Vol. 41(1).
The Chronicle of Higher Education, P.O. Box 1955, Marion, Ohio 43305, USA.
(Whole issue devoted to summary of colleges and universities in the U.S.,
with statistics about demographics for students, funding and programs -
published annually).

Baldwin, R.F. 1991. "Doctoring the exotic." Sea Frontiers. 37:30-35.

Barrett, G.W. and J.D. Peles. 1994. "Career trends in Mammalogy." Journal
of Mammalogy, 75(1):92-96.

Barrett, G.W. and G.N. Cameron. 1981. "Career trends and graduate education
in Mammalogy." Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, 109 pp.

Chase, V. 1992. "I'll do anything to work with whales or dolphins!"
Current, 11(1):31-33.

Foer, P. 1992. "Immerse yourself in oceanic and coastal grad school
studies." Earth Work, 2(6):6-29. PO Box 550, Charlestown, NH 03603.

Fox, W. 1992. "Conservation career closeup: National Marine Fisheries
Service." Earth Work. 2(6):6-31. PO Box 550, Charlestown, NH 03603.

Hemdal, J. 1987. "Careers in marine biology." Freshwater and Marine
Aquarium. 10:66-67.

Holden, C. (ed.). 1991. "Science careers." Science. 252:1110-1148.

Lederman, L.M. 1991. "Science: the end of the frontier?" Science, Suppl.,
January.

Klinowska, M. 1992. "Marine mammal database review." UNEP Regional Seas
Reports and Studies, No. 141.

National Research Council. 1995. Summary Report 1994: Doctorate Recipients
from United States Universities. National Research Council, Washington, DC.
[Available free of charge from: Doctorate Records Project, NRC, OSEP-TJ
2006, 2101 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20418. phone:
202-334-3161. Email: phdsurvy@nas.edu ]

Rosendahl, B. 1990. "Becoming an oceanographer." Sea Frontiers. 36:3.

Twiss, J., Jr. 1992. "The new era of oceanographic careers." Earth Work.
2(6):4-10. PO Box 550, Charlestown, NH 03603.

INFORMATION SHEETS AND PACKETS:

OCEANOGRAPHY

American Geophysical Union
2000 Florida Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20009

Earth Work Career Publications Service
SCA, Attn: Earth Work
P.O. Box 550
Charlestown, NH 03603
(various publications on environmental careers)

International Oceanographic Foundation
4600 Rickenbacker
Causeway Miami, FL 33149

National Aquarium-Baltimore
Dept. of Education and Interpretation
Pier 3, 501 East Pratt Street
Baltimore, MD 21202

The Oceanography Society
4052 Timber Ridge Drive
Virginia Beach, VA 23455

MANAGEMENT

Dept. of Environmental Protection & Energy Division of Fish, Game & Wildlife
CN 400
Trenton, NJ 08625

MARINE EDUCATION

Gulf Coast Research Laboratory
Scott Marine Education Center
PO Box 7000
Ocean Springs, MS 39564

National Sea Grant Office
1335 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910


SEA GRANT PROGRAMS BY STATE AND TELEPHONE NUMBERS:

University of Alaska
907-474-7086
University of California
619-534-4440
University of Connecticut
203-445-5108
University of Delaware
302-831-2841
University of Florida
904-392-5870
University of Georgia
404-542-7671
University of Hawaii
808-956-7031
University of Illinois
217-333-1824
Louisiana State University
504-388-6710
University of Maine
207-581-1436
University of Maryland
301-454-5690
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
617-253-7131
University of Michigan
313-763-1437
University of Minnesota
612-625-2765
Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium 601-875-9341
University of New Hampshire
603-862-2175
New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium
201-872-1300
State University of New York
516-632-6905
University of North Carolina
919-737-2454
Ohio State University
614-292-8949
Oregon State University
503-754-2714
University of Puerto Rico
809-832-3585
Purdue University
317-494-3584
University of Rhode Island
401-792-6800
South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium
803-727-2078
University of Southern California
213-743-6068
Texas A & M University
409-845-3854
Virginia Graduate Marine Science Consortium 804-924-5965
University of Washington
206-543-6600
University of Wisconsin
608-262-0905
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
508-548-1400 x2578

GRANTS, SCHOLARSHIPS, & TRAINING:

American Cetacean Society
PO Box 2639
San Pedro, CA 90731

American Fisheries Society
5410 Grosvenor Lane
Suite 110
Bethesda, MD 20814

National Wildlife Federation
1400 16th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036

Friends of the National Zoo
c/o Ms. Joan Grumm
National Zoological Park
Washington, DC 20008

LASPAU (scholarships for Latin American students) 25 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138

Minority Institutions
Marine Science Association
Biology Dept, Box 18540
Jackson State University
Jackson, MS 39217

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration Marine Policy Fellowships
National Sea Grant College Program
1335 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910

Student Conservation Association
Resource Assistant Program
Dept. EW, Box 550
Chariestown, NH 03603

American Society of Mammalogists
c/o Dr. Nancy D. Moncrief
Virginia Museum of Natural History
1001 Douglas Avenue
Martinsville, VA 24112 USA
Send self-addressed stamped envelope with 5.25" or 3.5" IBM- compatible
formatted disk to receive a list of grant sources.

American Society of Mammalogists
c/o Dr. Richard S. Ostfeld
Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Box AB
Millbrook, NY 12545 USA
Grants-in-Aid of Research up to US $1,000 open to graduate students and
upper-level undergraduates who are MEMBERS of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF
MAMMALOGISTS. Annual application deadline in March of each year.

Albert R. and Alma Shadle Fellowship in Mammalogy American Society of
Mammalogists
c/o Dr. Richard S. Ostfeld
Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Box AB
Millbrook, NY 12545 USA
Applicants must be United States citizens and enrolled in or accepted for a
graduate program in Mammalogy in a United States college or university. See
the Journal of Mammalogy for additional details.

INTERNSHIPS:

Aquarium for Wildlife Conservation
Attn.: George Biedenbach/Training Department 610 Surf Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 1124?

Aquarium of Niagara Falls
Intern/Volunteer program
701 Whirlpool St.
Niagara Falls, NY 14301

Atlantic Cetacean Research Center
Intern/Volunteer Program
70 Thurston Point Road
PO Box 1413
Gloucester, MA 01930

Belle Isle Zoo & Aquarium
Intern/Volunteer Program
PO Box 39
Royal Oak, MI 48068-0039

Center for Coastal Studies
Intern Review Committee
Box 1036
Provincetown, MA 02657

Center for Marine Conservation
Intern/Volunteer Program
1725 DeSales St., NW
Washington, D.C. 20036

Cetacean Research Unit
Intern/Volunteer Program
PO Box 159
Gloucester, WA 01930

Chicago Zoological Park
Brookfield Zoo
Intern/Volunteer Program
3300 Golf Rd.
Brookfield, IL 60513

Dolphin Research Center
P.O. Box 522875
Marathon Shores, FL 33052-2875

Marine Mammal Research Group
EPCOT Center Trailer #251
attn: Peter Cook
Walt Disney World Co.
P.O. Box 10,000
Lake Buena Vista, FL 32830-1000

Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection Florida Marine Research Institute
Intern/Volunteer Program
100 8th Ave., S.E.
St. Petersburg, FL 33701-5095

Whale Conservation Institute
Volunteer Programs
191 Weston Road
Lincoln, MA 01773

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____________________________________
>Hi,
>My name is Makenzie. I am a sophomore in high school. I am doing a speech
>on whaling in my animal science class. I was wondering if you could give me
>some information on this topic. It is based on that I think that whaling is
>wrong and should be stopped. I need some info to back this up. I am also
>interested in marine biology or oceanography after college, so I would like
>to try to get some contacts to help me out, as far as what I need to do
>help me go to the right schools and so on..
>Thanks,
>	Makenzie

Kim Marshall-Tilas                              (617) 259-0423
Whale Conservation Institute                   fax: 259-0288
191 Weston Road                                 website: www.whale.org
Lincoln, MA  01773		Are you a member of WCI yet?