Subject: EL NINO BULLETIN 20 AVAILABLE (fwd)

Mike Williamson (pita@www1.wheelock.edu)
Wed, 25 Feb 1998 09:31:37 -0500 (EST)

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---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Tue, 24 Feb 1998 14:20:47 -0900
From: "Dr. David Duffy" <afdcd1@UAA.ALASKA.EDU>
Reply-To: Marine Mammals Research and Conservation Discussion
     <MARMAM@UVVM.UVIC.CA>
To: MARMAM@UVVM.UVIC.CA
Subject: EL NINO BULLETIN 20 AVAILABLE

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*********ENSO 97-98: CURRENT REPORTS ON EVENTS**************

BULLETIN 20 ISSUED ON 24 FEBRUARY 1998

This electronic mailing is intended to provide near real-time reports
primarily on marine and terrestrial events that may be linked to the
development of the 1997 El Ni=F1o/Southern Oscillation which appears to be
 one of the most severe ENSO events in history.  Emphasis is on
seabirds and changes to marine ecosystems, but we appreciate other reports
that may expand our understanding of effects. These might include rainfall,
flooding, or associated disease outbreaks.  We  try to be inclusive and to
let hindsight separate ENSO from other effects.

Report 20, 24 February 1998, is available at:

http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/ENSO.html

 or by request from:  <afdcd1@uaa.alaska.edu>.

To be placed on the emailing list for future bulletins, contact
<afdcd1@uaa.alaska.edu>
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SYNOPSIS:

 While El Nino appears to have started to fade oceanographically off Peru,
its effects in Peru, Chile,  and Ecuador remain major. Its 'teleconnection'
effects are in full swing in California, Florida, Hawaii, and Brazil.
Eastern Africa is  recovering from earlier physical effects, but still
experiencing wide-spread and essentially uncontrolled outbreaks of disease.
Southern Africa appears to have been spared major effects.


INDIVIDUAL REPORT TITLES

JANUARY 1998. ECUADOR, GALAPAGOS: CORAL (BLEACHING)

5 FEBRUARY 1998. ALASKA: MARINE MAMMAL (OCCURRENCE)

15 FEBRUARY 1998. NEW ZEALAND: MARINE MAMMAL (MORTALITY)

"MID FEBRUARY 1998. CALIFORNIA: MARINE MAMMAL (MORTALITY)

17 FEBRUARY 1998.  EAST AFRICA: IMPACT: (TRANSPORTATION)

 17 FEBRUARY 1998.  EAST AFRICA:  IMPACT (FOOD)

17 FEBRUARY 1998.  KENYA: IMPACT AND FOOD RELIEF

17 FEBRUARY 1998.  SOMALIA: CLIMATE (FORECAST)

17 FEBRUARY 1998. HAWAII: FIRES

17 FEBRUARY 1998. ENGLAND: CLIMATE

17 FEBRUARY 1998. BRAZIL: DISEASE (DENGUE)

18 FEBRUARY 1998. WORLD: IMPACT (FOOD PRODUCTION)

18 FEBRUARY 1998. MICHIGAN: CLIMATE (RAINFALL)

18 FEBRUARY 1998. ANTARCTICA:

19 FEBRUARY 1998. CALIFORNIA: IMPACT (HYDROPOWER)

19 FEBRUARY 1998. AFRICA: IMPACT (FOOD)

19 FEBRUARY 1998. BRAZIL: CLIMATE (FLOODS)

19 FEBRUARY 1998. PERU: ECONOMIC

19 FEBRUARY 1998. CALIFORNIA: IMPACT (AGRICULTURE)

19 FEBRUARY 1998. CALIFORNIA: CLIMATE (STORM)

20 FEBRUARY 1998. CALIFORNIA: MARINE MAMMAL (DISEASE)

21 FEBRUARY 1998. SOUTH AFRICA: AGRICULTURE (MAIZE)

21 FEBRUARY 1998. PERU: FISHERY & OCEANOGRAPHY

20 FEBRUARY 1998. HAWAII: CLIMATE (DROUGHT)

22 FEBRUARY 1998. CHILE: MARINE MAMMAL (MORTALITY) & SEATURTLES

22 FEBRUARY 1998. BOLIVIA: DISEASE (CHOLERA)

22 FEBRUARY 1998. UGANDA : DISEASE (MALARIA ET AL)

22 FEBRUARY 1998. ARIZONA: DISEASE (HANTA VIRUS)

23 FEBRUARY 1998. FLORIDA: CLIMATE (TORONADOES)