Subject: El Nino Report 22 available, issued 18 March 1998 (fwd)

Mike Williamson (pita@www1.wheelock.edu)
Thu, 19 Mar 1998 12:36:13 -0500 (EST)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                      J. Michael Williamson
Principal Investigator-WhaleNet <http://whale.wheelock.edu>
                   Associate Professor-Science
  Wheelock College, 200 The Riverway, Boston, MA 02215
             voice: 617.734.5200, ext. 256
            fax:    617.734.8666, or 978.468.0073

          "Mother, Mother Ocean, I have heard your call,
   Wanted to sail upon your waters, since I was three feet tall"
                        Jimmy Buffett
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Wed, 18 Mar 1998 17:38:20 -0900
From: "Dr. David Duffy" <afdcd1@UAA.ALASKA.EDU>
Reply-To: Marine Mammals Research and Conservation Discussion
     <MARMAM@UVVM.UVIC.CA>
To: MARMAM@UVVM.UVIC.CA
Subject: El Nino Report 22 available, issued 18 March 1998

------

*********El NINO 97-98: CURRENT REPORTS ON EVENTS**************

BULLETIN 22 ISSUED ON 18 MARCH 1998

This electronic service provides near real-time reports, primarily on
marine and terrestrial events that may be linked to the development of the
1997 - 1998 El Ni=F1o/Southern Oscillation which appears to be one of the
most severe ENSO events in history.  Emphasis is on seabirds and changes to
marine ecosystems, but we appreciate other reports that may expand our
understanding of effects. These might include rainfall, flooding, or
associated disease outbreaks.  We  try to be inclusive and to
let hindsight separate ENSO from other effects.

Report 22, 18 MARCH 1998, is available at:

http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/ENSO.html

 or by request from:  <afdcd1@uaa.alaska.edu>.

To be placed on the emailing list for future bulletins, contact
<afdcd1@uaa.alaska.edu>
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***********HELP:  As this event is apparently at its maximum during this
period, we would appreciate reports, including those of no apparent impact,
from anyone in a position to do so.
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SYNOPSIS: For the period 20 February - 13 March 1998, fires seem to be
increasing in Indonesia, Although oceanographic conditions appear to be
slowly returning to more 'normal' temperatures in the eastern Pacific, Peru
and Ecuador continue to suffer heavy flooding. Brazil also suffered heavy
flooding in the south while a drought continues in its north, with
associated forest fires. A drought in Central America is affecting
hydropower in Honduras and canal operations in Panama. Hawaii continues to
experience drought; Alaska is basking in a very early spring.

TITLES OF INDIVIDUAL REPORTS

20 FEBUARY 1998. INDONESIA: HAZE (ECONOMIC IMPACT)

28 FEBUARY 1998: INDONESIA: DROUGHT

2 MARCH 1998. INDONESIA: FIRES (GLOBAL IMPACT)

2 MARCH 1998. INDONESIA: FOOD SHORTAGE

2 MARCH 1998. INDONESIA: FIRES (AGAIN)

3? March 1998. PAPUA NEW GUINEA: IMPACT (ECONOMIC)

3 MARCH 1998. PERU: CLIMATE

4 MARCH 1998. PERU: OCEANOGRAPHY AND FISHERY

4 MARCH 1998. INDONESIA: FIRE (RIVERINE EFFECTS)

5 MARCH 1998. INDONESIA: FOOD SHORTAGE (OVER)

5 MARCH 1998. ECUADOR: MUDSLIDE AND OIL PRODUCTION

5 MARCH. CHINA: IMPACT (RIVER LEVEL)

5 MARCH 1998. PAKISTAN: CLIMATE (FLOOD)

5 MARCH 1998. PERU: FISHERY (ANCHOVETA)

6 MARCH 1998. BRAZIL: FLOODS

6 MARCH 1998. HAWAII: CLIMATE (DROUGHT)

6  MARCH 1998. U.S.: IMPACT (HOME ENERGY NEEDS)

7 MARCH 1998. PERU: IMPACT (AGRICULTURE)

8 MARCH 1998. NEW ZEALAND: MARINE MAMMAL (MORTALITY)

8 MARCH 1998. UTAH: CLIMATE

9 MARCH 1998. SOUTHERN U.S.: CLIMATE: FLOODS and TORONADOES

9 MARCH 1998. HONDURAS: HYDROPOWER

9 MARCH 1998. ALASKA: IDITAROD

9 MARCH 1998. MEXICO:  MONARCH BUTTERFLY MORTALITY

9 MARCH 1998. UNITED STATES: CLIMATE

9 - 13 MARCH 1998. U.S.  MIDWEST: CLIMATE (SNOW)

10 MARCH 1998. CALIFORNIA: IMPACT

10 MARCH 1998. NORTHEAST: CLIMATE (RAIN)

11 MARCH 1998. WASHINGTON, D.C.: El NONSENSE

11 MARCH 1998. PANAMA: IMPACT (CANAL)

12 MARCH 1998. SOUTHEAST: CLIMATE (RECORD LOWS) AND AGRICULTURE

12 MARCH 1994; GEORGIA: FLOODS

12 MARCH 1998. UGANDA: CLIMATE (RAIN)

12 MARCH 1998. ECUADOR: IMPACT

12 MARCH 1998. CALIFORNIA: IMPACT (ARTICHOKES)

12 MARCH 1998. WORLD: DISEASE

12 MARCH 1998. BRAZIL: DROUGHT AND HUNGER

13 MARCH 1998. ZIMBABWE: IMPACT (AGRICULTURE)