Subject: Citing web materials: Bibliographic question (fwd)

mike williamson (
Mon, 13 Jul 1998 19:26:00 -0400 (EDT)


Here is the second answer I got regarding bibliographic citations off the
web.  These may both be of some interest to you.  

Marjorie Gann

>I looked in two of my reference books: The Chicago Manual and the American
>Psychological Association's Publication Manual. Both say that the
>International Standards Organization has constructed something of a system
>of citing electronic documents but that there's a critical need for a
>uniform standard. Chicago refers writers to the ISO for information on
>citations to electronic documents. In 1993, when the manual was published,
>the address was Ottawa, so perhaps you should call there. The address in
>the manual is as follows:
>ISO TC46/SC 9
>Secretariat: Office of Library Standards
>National Library of Canada
>Ottawa K1A 0N4
>Most of the examples in Chicago and APA are to on-line (or online,
>depending on style) articles. Here are a few:
>From Chicago:
>"Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome," in MESH vocabulary, file [database
>online] (Bethesda, Md.: National Library of Medicine, 1990 [cited 3 October
>1990], identifier no. D000163 [49 lines].
>Kulikowski, Stan. "Readability Forumla." In NL-KR (Digest vol. 5, no. 10)
>[electronic bulletin board]. Rochester, N.Y., 1988 [cited 31, January
>1989]. Available from; INTERNET. 
>Style from APA:
>The text provides some useful information. "As with any published
>reference, the goals of an electronic reference are to credit the author
>and to enable the reader to find the material. ...will the information be
>available to the reader even if the reader follows a given retrieval path,
>or will the material soon be archived to tape and difficult to obtain? ...
>The date element should indicate the year of publication or, if the source
>undergoes regular revision, the most recent update; if a date cannot be
>determined, provide an exact date of your search.
>	An availability statement replaces the location and name of a publisher
>typically provided for text references. Provide informaiton sufficient to
>retrieve the material. For example, for material that is widely available
>on networks, specify the method used to find the material, such as the
>protocol (Telnet, FTP, Internet, etc.), the directory, and the file name:"
>Author, I. (date). Title of article. Name of Periodical [On-line], xx.
>Available: Specify path
>Author, I., & Author, I. (date). Title of chapter. In Title of full work
>[On-line]. Available: Specify path
>Myer, A. S., & Bock, K. (1992). The tip-top-of-the-tongue phenomenon:
>Blocking or partial activation? [On-line]. Memory & cognition, 20, 715-726.
>Abstract from: DIALOG File: PsycINFOR Item: 80-16351
>[Marge, Note that the name of periodical and the title of the work (i.e.,
>Memory and cognition) are underlined.] 
>Funder, D. C. (1994, March). Judgmental process and content: Commentary on
>Koehler on base-rate [9 paragraphs]. Psycoloquy [On-line serial], 5(17).
>Available FTP: Hostname: Directory:
>pub/harnad/Psycoloquy/1994.volume.5 File:
>In other words, it's confusing.
>I think your best bet would be to call ISO and see if the people there can
>give you more up-to-date information.