Subject: New England Aquarium Seabits 3.10 (fwd)

mike williamson (
Thu, 7 Oct 1999 12:44:10 -0400 (EDT)

Date: Thu, 7 Oct 1999 08:03:22 -0400
From: Bruce Wyman <>
To: Seabits <>
Subject: New England Aquarium Seabits 3.10

New England Aquarium Monthly email Newsletter
Volume 3, Issue 10, October 1999
Copyright, New England Aquarium 1999
(Sorry about the delay in getting this issue out. A number of little issues
worked together to make a simple task become very difficult. -Bruce.)

Greetings. Thanks to all of you who participated in last month's voting
booth extravaganza. Our on-line voting booth is still open -- weigh in on
eating seals, hunting whales and labeling tuna cans, there's still time.
But, moving on, in this issue we bring you up to date on the story of the
three right whales, the plight of a plover, some thoughts on drilling, and
a lesson in releasing captive dolphins. If you are in the greater Boston
area, be sure to check out the FREE World of Water Film Festival showing at
theaters and auditoriums around town. Or, don your costumes and join us for
Halloween tricks and treats on Central Wharf. There's lots below!

In this issue:
   Watery Words
     - The Tangled Webs We Weave
     - A Piping New Addition
     - It's Only A Drill
     - Who's in the Pen Now?
   Out on the Net
     - WOW Film Festival
     - Sea Our World
     - Travel to Brazil
     - From the Voting Booth
     - Something New in Aquarium Galleries: Art!
   October Calendar
   Contact Us

***** WATERY WORDS ********************************************************

      "On calm days I sometimes scanned the glassy surface of
       Perdido Bay for hours at a time in the hope of spotting
       something huge and monstrous as it rose to the surface.
       I wanted at least to see a shark, to watch the fabled
       dorsal fin thrust proud out of the water, knowing it would
       look a lot like a porpoise at a distance but would surface
       and sound at irregular intervals. I also hoped for more
       than sharks, what exactly I could not say: something to
       enchant the rest of my life.""
             -- E.O. Wilson,
                On his early beginnings,
                from his autobiographical book, The Naturalist

***** STORIES *************************************************************
This month's stories
   1) The Tangled Webs We Weave
   2) A Piping New Addition
   3) It's Only A Drill
   4) Who's in the Pen Now?

----- THE TANGLED WEBS WE WEAVE -------------------------------------------
Since early August, an international team of researchers, scientists, and
disentanglement experts have been trying to untangle three North Atlantic
right whales in the Bay of Fundy. Two of the whales have been carrying
fishing gear since May. All three of the entangled whales are females, two
adults and one three-year-old. These entanglements worry experts because
North Atlantic right whales are the most endangered whales in the world,
with only about 325 of them alive today. The loss of three potential
breeders would be a further blow to this already devastated population.

Hunted for over 900 years, right whales were nearly extinct by around 1750.
Despite being completely protected from hunting since 1935, North Atlantic
right whale populations have not been able to rebound.

Speculations as to why the whales have not been able to recover center
mostly around human activity. Pollution may play a role. So may the fact
that 62% of the population is scarred from entanglements in fishing gear
and the fact that almost half of the deaths since 1990 can be blamed on
ship collisions.

How do you disentangle a tangled right whale? The whales are too big to
capture and hold still. A small inflatable boat with a two or three person
disentanglement team approaches the whale to add sea anchors and buoys to
the fishing gear to slow the whale down and attach a satellite tag to keep
track of its whereabouts. Using a special kind of hook with a blade, the
team then cuts through the gear, freeing the whale. Sometimes the gear is
wrapped several times around the whale and involves multiple lines,
complicating the removal. A nervous whale can easily swamp or overturn a
boat, so disentangling a whale is not for the feint of heart.

Right now, the situation doesn't look good. Whale #2030 was spotted with
gear wrapped around her on May 10. A disentanglement team was able to
remove two of the wraps around her body, but the third is embedded in a 6-8
inch wound on her back, and she is in critical condition. She has left the
Gulf of Maine and is now off the coast of New Jersey. Whale #2660, the
juvenile, has shaken off her satellite tag, but may still be in the Bay of
Fundy. Because she is still growing, the lines through her mouth, over her
blowhole, and around one flipper may tighten, damaging her flipper. Such
entanglements have been fatal in the past. Whale #1158, a reproductively
active female, is in the best shape. She is apparently healthy despite
carrying a metal pole and a buoy with line wrapped around her right
flipper. A disentanglement team was able to get close enough to remove some
of the gear, but the satellite tag came off as well.

Disentanglement teams consisting of folks from the New England Aquarium
research department, the Center for Coastal Studies (Cape Cod), East Coast
Ecosystems (Canada) and the International Fund for Animal Welfare (Cape
Cod), are continuing their heroic efforts to remove the gear from these
three whales.

Droplet: Whalers called them "right" whales because they were the right
whale to kill. Right whales move slowly at the surface and conveniently
float when dead, making them easier to tow to shore. If you see an
entangled whale or other marine animal in distress, be sure to call the New
England Aquarium's 24-hour marine animal rescue hotline at (617) 973-5247.

----- A PIPING NEW ADDITION -----------------------------------------------
The shorebird tank in our Coastal Rhythms exhibit  boasts a new resident: a
piping plover. The Atlantic coast population of piping plovers are listed
as "threatened" by the Endangered Species Act. Because they breed on New
England beaches in the summers, chances are, if you are a beachgoer in
Massachusetts, that at one time or another you have been asked to tread
carefully, to stay off the dunes and to keep to the beaten paths to avoid
bothering these small shorebirds.

Our plover came to us with a severely broken wing that had healed
improperly. Researchers and volunteers at the Lloyd Center and at
Massachusetts Natural Heritage Program (MNHP) monitor piping plover
populations, and someone saw that this bird was not going to survive on its
own. Researchers at MNHP and New England Aquarium staff captured it. We
took the plover to Dr. Tracy Ritzman, an experienced small bird surgeon at
Angell Memorial Hospital in Boston, who repaired the wing under anesthesia
as well as possible, but the wing could not be saved. The plover's wing was
amputated below the "elbow" joint, removing the radius and ulna. The flight
feathers were also removed, so the bird has just a small stump, covered in
soft downy feathers.

The plover, who is a juvenile born this year on Little Beach in
southeastern Massachusetts, has recovered well from surgery and looks good,
though it will never be able to fly. The plover was quarantined during its
rehabilitation and recovery, and was introduced to our shorebird exhibit at
the beginning of September. It took a little while for the bird to get used
to the slope on the shore and to its exhibit-mates. At first, it guarded
all the food dishes, chasing other birds away, including the usually
dominant ruddy turnstone. Soon, it was apparently taken down a peg or two
by the larger black-bellied plovers in the exhibit. Now it seems to have
found its niche and is hanging out with the semipalmated plovers who are
its size.

In the exhibit, the birds are fed a variety of worms, insects, and tiny
crustaceans. The piping plover's favorite foods are waxworms (moth larvae),
mealworms (beetle larvae) and crickets. Yum. It also likes to chase the
live crickets around the tank.

"It is especially rewarding to have saved this bird because some local
beaches, as well as many others in more southern states, have lost a
significant number of birds this year," says aquarist Tania Taranovski, who
assisted in rehabilitating the plover.

Waiting in the wings, so to speak, is a least sandpiper, the smallest
species of shorebird, who also broke its wing. It still has much of the
wing, but lost the tip and several primary feathers, so it can't fly
either, and can't be released. It was initially treated at the Humane
Society Wildlife Rehabilitation Training Center in West Barnstable. If all
goes well, it will be joining our shorebird exhibit soon.

Droplet: When introducing a bird to a new environment, we keep it in a
kennel or "howdy cage" (you can guess how it got its name) for its first
day or so, until the bird seems ready to join the exhibit. Turning towards
other inhabitants and watching the habitat with interest are both signs
that a bird is ready to join the exhibit.

----- IT'S ONLY A DRILL ---------------------------------------------------
by Sue Knapp, Roving Reporter

To drill or not to drill? That is the question the governments of Canada
and Nova Scotia are wrestling with right now. At the end of 1999, the
Canadian moratorium on oil and gas drilling on Georges Bank will expire.
Georges Bank is an extremely productive (and was even more so and will be
again, with proper management, but that's another story for another day)
and valuable fishing habitat located roughly 100 miles off the New
England/Canada coast. Drilling for oil raises obvious environmental red
flags. Or does it?

On September 23, scientists from the New England Aquarium and Woods Hole
Oceanographic Institution released a report on the "Potential Environmental
Consequences of Petroleum Exploration and Development on Georges Bank." The
decision to either extend the Canadian moratorium, which was initially
established to protect this important fishing ground, or open the northeast
corner of the Bank to drilling and seismic surveys, must be made before
January 1, 2000.

As Jerry Schubel, an author of the report and New England Aquarium
president, put it, there are no environmental boogeymen out there to make
this decision a no-brainer. "This report provides the science to inform the
decision, but there's more to the decision than that," said Dr. David Shaw,
visiting Aquarium senior scientist and one of the report's authors. "Since
the environmental risks from oil development are lower than most people
think, we should take the time to consider economic and political factors.
We should make an effort to include the public. Society needs to make a
value decision here; we need to decide how we want to use this habitat."

The report considers four broad categories of environmental impact: release
of oil/mud sludge, release of produced water, noise pollution, and
accidental oil spills, and offers suggestions to mitigate these concerns.
Because of the complex system of tides and currents, there are implications
for both U.S. and Canadian portions of the bank. However, with oil drilling
technology marching into the 21st Century, the environmental consequences
are less threatening than they were 20 years ago. One area that needs to be
explored more fully is that of sound pollution - the air guns used to
survey the ocean floor are lethal to fish eggs and larvae, and may pose a
problem for larger fish and marine mammals as well.

The report has been sent to the Minister of Natural Resources for Canada
and the Minister of Natural Resources for Nova Scotia. The East Coast
Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers and the U.S. Minerals
Management Service have also asked for copies of the report. This report
provides the basis for future research.

The U.S. recently extended its moratorium on Georges Bank oil and gas
exploration until 2012. Earlier this year, the Georges Bank Review Panel, a
Canadian-based, government-appointed group of scientists and policy makers
charged with making a recommendation, endorsed extending the Canadian

Droplet: One consequence of oil exploration discussed in the report is
produced water. Doesn't sound very dangerous. Produced water is the water
that gets pumped up out of the ground along with the oil. It can be either
"fossil water" that was buried at the same time as the organic matter that
got turned into oil, or new water that is pumped in to help flush out the
oil. Typically there isn't much produced water in the early life of a well,
but the volume of water may eventually equal or exceed that of petroleum.
Produced water contains residual oil, salts and other contaminants, and
requires disposal. Traditionally, this water was simply allowed to drift
into the ocean, to be diluted and dispersed by the tides. A better option
used today reinjects produced water back into the earth.

----- WHO'S IN THE PEN NOW? -----------------------------------------------
On May 23, 1996, Richard O'Barry, former "Flipper" dolphin trainer, and
Lloyd Good released two bottlenose dolphins, "Luther" and "Buck,"
approximately six miles off the coast of Key West, Florida. On June 8, 1999
O'Barry and Good were fined civil penalties of $40,000, the maximum
provided for by law, for violating the Marine Mammal Protection Act by
illegally releasing these two dolphins. Sugarloaf Dolphin Sanctuary and the
Dolphin Project, Inc., both run by O'Barry and Good, were also fined
$19,500 for failing to notify the National Marine Fisheries (NMFS) service
of the dolphins' transport and release.

Luther and Buck were originally collected from the waters off of the coast
of Mississippi during the 1980s for Navy research. When the Navy projects
were terminated, these dolphins went to Sugarloaf Dolphin Sanctuary for
public display. Sugarloaf planned to release the dolphins, and had applied
for a permit from the NMFS to do so. Before receiving the permit, O'Barry
and Good released Luther and Buck. Though they no doubt meant well, these
dolphins were not prepared for life in the wild.

Luther was found a few days after his release in a busy Key West marina
begging for food, and Buck was found two weeks later 40 miles away,
emaciated, dehydrated, and severely stressed. Both had severe lacerations.
A team from NMFS was able to quickly recover the two dolphins, who both
responded quickly to a "pinger" from their Navy days.

After their brief bout of freedom, Luther was sent back to a Navy facility
in San Diego, and Buck stayed at the Dolphin Research Center on Grassy Key
for rehabilitation. The Sugarloaf Dolphin Sanctuary was closed permanently.
Buck did recover to some extent, but never was as healthy and strong as he
was before his release. Sadly, Buck died on June 20, 1999.

The Administrative Law Judge who heard the case chose the stiffest penalty
provided for by law to send a message discouraging irresponsible dolphin

Droplet: Two other cases of Marine Mammal Protection Act violations have
also recently resulted in large fines. A Panama City, Florida boat rental
company and boat operator was fined $4,500 for attempting to illegally feed
wild dolphins during a parasailing trip in 1998. In Hawaii, the Pacific
Whale Foundation, a whale watch and research operation, was fined $13,000
for, among other things, approaching to within 100 yards of endangered
humpback whales during a whale watching trip in 1998.

***** OUT ON THE NET ******************************************************
For additional information, you might want to check out the following
websites. Some of these links represent partners in aquatic conservation
and animal husbandry; others are simply resources we think may help you
enrich your perspective on our watery world. By listing these websites, the
New England Aquarium is not automatically endorsing or verifying the
accuracy of their content unless explicitly stated.

Whale Entanglement

Piping Plovers

Oil and Gas Drilling

Leather and Buck

***** Announcements *******************************************************
This month's announcements
   1) WOW Film Festival
   2) Sea Our World
   3) Travel to Brazil
   4) From the Voting Booth
   5) Something New in Aquarium Galleries: Art!

----- WOW FILM FESTIVAL ---------------------------------------------------
October 20-25, 1999
For three years, the New England Aquarium has organized a World of Water
Film Festival, a film series that features aquatic films of all varieties
including feature, experimental, documentary, children's and animated
movies. We work with partners in the Boston area to show the films and to
provide speakers or discussion panels to accompany the films. This series
is sponsored by The Lowell Institute. ALL FILMS ARE FREE. For film
descriptions, times, locations, and more information, please check out our
website at <> or contact

Wednesday, October 20 - Northeastern University Marine Science Center
o CREATURE COMFORTS (UK, 1989, 5 min.), by Nick Park.
o COMMON GROUND (USA, 1999, 27 min.), directed by Jeffrey Confer.
o THE WHALE'S PARADISE (Brazil, 1996, 30 min.), produced by TVE Bahia.

Thursday, October 21 - Brookline Public Library at Coolidge Corner
o A NIGHT TO REMEMBER (US, 1958, 123 min.), directed by Roy (Ward) Baker.

Thursday, October 21, MIT Building 56 Room 114

Friday, October 22  -- Coolidge Corner Theater

Saturday, October 23 - New England Aquarium Conference Center
o KEEPERS OF THE REEF (US/Bahamas, 1999, 20 min.)
o UNWANTED CATCH (US, 1998, 17 min.)

Sunday, October 24 - Pine Manor College, Halden Hall, Room 217

Monday, October 25 - Earthwatch Institute, 680 Mt. Auburn St. Watertown
BLACK SEA TURTLES OF BAJA (Mexico, 1998, 55 min.)

Monday, October 25 - Newbury College, Student Center
o WIND (US, 1992, 126 min.)

----- SEA OUR WORLD -------------------------------------------------------
Satuday, December 4, Nature and Birdwatching Cruise, 9 A.M. - 12 Noon
Join us for some winter birdwatching aboard Voyager III, the well-heated
new addition to our fleet. Wayne Petersen, Massachusetts Audubon Society
naturalist, will point out a wide variety of waterfowl and talk about their
natural history. Aquarium bird care expert Steve Baker will also be on hand
to answer questions. On last year's trip, we saw purple sandpipers,
harlequin ducks, black guillemonts, common eiders, red breasted mergansers,
bonapart gulls, and some friendly harbor seals. Cost: Adults $22; Children
3-16, $16. For more information, call (617) 973-6562 or e-mail
<>. To register, call (617) 973-5206.

----- TRAVEL TO BRAZIL ----------------------------------------------------
Join us January 24 - February 3, 2000 for a completely Y2K-safe working
vacation in the wilds of the Brazilian Amazon. For ten years, Project Piaba
has worked towards promoting sustainable harvest of aquatic resources,
including the native brightly-colored ornamental fish, to ensure the
survival of Amazonian rainforests and their human inhabitants.

We will travel from Manaus on a chartered boat up the Rio Negro as far as
Barcelos (about 430 km) where we will conduct field research on ornamental
fishery, study the icthyological diversity of the Rio Negro basin and
participate in the 7th Ornamental Fish Festival in Barcelos (January
29-30). We will also present seminars, show videos and host discussions on
the natural history of the Amazon and conservation issues. The trip will be
led by Dr. Ning Labbish Chao, Professor/Researcher at the University of
Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil and Scott Dowd, Senior Aquarist at the New England
Aquarium. Our local guide and captain, Sr. Morarci Fretas, is the most
knowledgeable bird guide in the basin.
Cost: $2,299 from Miami or $1,500 from Manaus.
For more information contact Scott Dowd at (781) 925-2551 or e-mail

----- FROM THE VOTING BOOTH -----------------------------------------------
In the last issue of Seabits, several of the stories pointed readers to our
online voting booth to weigh in on some of the issues raised. People also
submitted comments, some of which are published below. This is how the
results look:

1. Should humans hunt and eat seals?
Yes: 202 (64%)
No:  111 (35%)

"Humans should only hunt/eat seals when they live in extreme
remote areas where the seals are a major source of food
and clothing for them.  Because the rest of the world has
more than adequate diversity of food products, eating seals
is not necessary."

2. Should the U.S. lift the ban on importing seal products made from seals
caught in sustainable seal fisheries?
Yes: 11 (18%)
No:  49 (81%)

** Interesting, that we mostly don't oppose other people hunting and eating
seals, but we really don't think Americans should.

3. Should we allow the Makah tribe of Washington state to continue whaling?
Yes: 35 (35%)
No:  63 (64%)

"I think it's very contradictory for the Makah to claim it's their
ancestral right to hunt down whales and then use modern methods such as
high powered rifles, motor boats and military vehicles for

"Definitely not!  Let them acquire the ritual of praying,
instead of killing, if they want spirituality."

4. Should a can of tuna be labeled "dolphin-safe" if dolphins were
encircled, but not killed or injured, during that particular catch of tuna?
Yes: 41 (64%)
No:  23 (35%)

"...I believe that the U.S. and other governments should work hard to pass
legislation that dramatically reduces the amount of bycatch and that severe
penalties should be enforced should offenders continue to fish
irresponsibly. Great progress has been made in protecting dolphin; equal
progress should be made in protecting other sea creatures from wasteful and
unnecessary death."

----- SOMETHING NEW IN AQUARIUM GALLERIES: ART! ---------------------------
October 12, 1999 - February 28, 2000, Charting New England.
 From the private collection of Norman Leventhal, this retrospective of 21
maps dating from the 1540s to the present reveals the skill of early
explorers and navigators - and exposes some of their miscalculations. In
the Coastal Rhythms exhibit. Included with Aquarium admission.

October 13 - November 3, 1999, Jean Lamy's Poissons Tropicaux.
As a child, Jean Lamy was captivated by the beautiful and strange marine
animals he encountered while scuba diving in the Mediterranean. His unique
technique combines ink, oil and wax on silk paper. This exhibit, his first
in the U.S., features 23 portraits of exotic tropical fishes. Lamy's
artwork is displayed in the Exploration Center's Sounds of the Sea exhibit
adjacent to the main Aquarium building. Included with Aquarium admission.

***** OCTOBER CALENDAR ****************************************************
Friday, October 8 - Sunday, October 17, Collecting Trip.
Scuba-certified Aquarium members join staff experts on this expedition and
enjoy unique shipboard living while participating in a learning and working
vacation in the Bahamas. For more information, call Holly, Tuesdays -
Saturdays at (617) 973-5248.

Saturday, October 9 and Sunday, October 10, Our Feathered Friends Explorer
Class, 9:30 A.M. Designed with the preschooler in mind, this program
combines a story about the sea and the featured animal with a take-home art
project, a related activity, or a closer look at some live animals. Each
program lasts one hour and fifteen minutes, and concludes with a visit to
see a featured animal. Fees: $4.00 per child for members and $8.00 per
child for non-members. The non-member fee does not include Aquarium
admission. Call (617) 973-5206 to register.

Saturday, October 9, Aquaculture and Classroom Aquarium Workshop
This one day training session on simple aquaculture systems for raising
ornamental fish and food fish in the classroom or at home is designed for
teachers, but open to everyone. A growing business throughout the world,
aquaculture offers important water chemistry, life science, and economic
lessons to your students or children. You will come away from this workshop
with a hefty packet of curricular materials including plans for setting up
a proven classroom aquaculture system. Call (617) 973-6590 for more
information. To register, call (617) 973-5206. Fee: $50.

Saturday, October 16, Beaver Lodge Moon, 11 A.M. - 4 P.M.
Join Native Americans of the Northeast in presenting Beaver Lodge Moon, the
fifth and final program in the Gifts from the Sacred Waters series. Beaver
Lodge Moon focuses on nature's preparation for winter, including migration,
hibernation, and gathering of food for the cold months. Outdoor on the
Plaza there will be traditional dancing, and a wigwam and a beaver lodge.
Indoor presentations in the Exploration Center will focus on the beaver,
and will also include live birds of prey, gathering of nuts and berries,
cultural objects from the Tomaquog Museum in Rhode Island, and Beaver Lodge
Theater, a special theater piece created just for the occasion. Free.
Aquarium admission not included. For more information, call Susan Dowds at
(617) 973-0296 or e-mail <>.

Wednesday, October 17, Navigator Misery Island Tour
Aquarium Navigators and members of the Conservation Society are invited on
a special field trip to Misery Island in Salem Harbor. Explore the island
and the rocky shore, watch underwater photographer Paul Erickson dive to
find lobsters and other creatures, hear about efforts to protect the local
marine environment and enjoy a picnic. To find out how to become a
Navigator or Conservation Society member, e-mail Angela Ellis,
<>, or call (617) 973-5209.

Wednesday, October 20, Dive Club Meeting, 6:30 P.M.
Dive club meeting at New England Aquarium. Guests and new members always
welcome. Call (617) 973-0240 for details. Meeting location: Discovery.

Wednesday, October 20 - Monday, October 25, WORLD OF WATER FILM FESTIVAL.
Each year, the New England Aquarium organizes the World of Water Film
Festival, a film series that features aquatic films of all varieties
including feature, experimental, documentary, children's and animated
movies. We work with partners in the Boston area to show the films and to
provide speakers or discussion panels to accompany the films. This series
is sponsored by The Lowell Institute. ALL FILMS ARE FREE. For film
descriptions, times, locations, and more information, please visit our
website at <> or contact

Sunday, October 24, Our Feathered Friends Explorer Class, 9:30 A.M.
Designed with the preschooler in mind, this program combines a story about
the sea and the featured animal with a take-home art project or a related
activity. Each program lasts one hour and fifteen minutes, and concludes
with a visit to see the featured animal. Choose to attend any one of the
programs, or the entire series. Programs meet in the Exploration Center.
Fees: $4.00 per child for members and $8.00 per child for non-members. The
non-member fee does not include Aquarium admission. Call (617) 973-5206 to

Saturday, October 23, How To Organize A Successful Environmental Field Trip
Designed for teachers but open to everyone, this one day seminar teaches
you how to take your students or family to the shore and bring the coast to
your classroom or home. Includes pre-trip planning, making and ordering
field equipment, use of field guides, multidisciplinary activities, and
sample wrap-up activities. Most of the workshop components are easily
adapted for indoor classroom use. The workshop will include a resource
packet with activity sheets and lesson plans, inventory list and a
bibliography. Call (617) 973-6590 for more information. To register, call
(617) 973-5206. Fee: $50.

Friday, October 29, Fish, Fun & Fright, 6 P.M. - 8:30 P.M.
This members' only event brings families together to celebrate Halloween
with all the spookiness the Aquarium has to offer! Come dressed in the
spirit of the season and we'll regale you with scary sea tales, creatures
from the deep and other treats. A light supper and soft drinks are included
in the ticket price. Invitations with ticket information will be mailed to
all members. For more information, e-mail <> or call (617)

Sunday, October 31, Witches, Fishes, and Fun, 10 A.M. - 5 P.M.
Something fishy is going on in the Aquarium's haunted halls! Join staff
from WBOS 92.9 FM for a day of spooky fun. Kids will enjoy tricks and
treats throughout the Aquarium. Kids (3-11) in costumes will be admitted
free with a paying adult.

***** SUBSCRIBE/UNSUBSCRIBE INFORMATION ***********************************
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***** CONTACT US **********************************************************
Content questions and comments? Contact Jennifer Goebel at

Technical questions and comments? Contact Bruce Wyman at <>.

***** THAT'S ALL FOLKS ****************************************************
Did you know that the United Nations predicts that our population will
reach 6 billion on October 12, 1999? And did you know that all these people
could be log-stacked in one corner of the Grand Canyon? (Factoid courtesy
of E.O. Wilson.) - Jen Goebel