Subject: Challenges for Makah Whalers, Dolphins Need You (fwd)

mike williamson (williams@www1.wheelock.edu)
Sat, 13 Nov 1999 20:02:42 -0500 (EST)

Date: Sat, 13 Nov 1999 11:38:30 EST
From: Satyatold@aol.com
To: Satyatold@aol.com
Subject: Challenges for Makah Whalers, Dolphins Need You

CHALLENGES FOR MAKAH WHALERS=20
-------

From:  azbound@pacificnet.net

Next hunt won't be as easy for Makahs
by Lynda V. Mapes
Seattle Times staff reporter

NEAH BAY, Clallam County - Talk about the Makahs' first whale hunt in more=
=20
than 70 years is still big in this windswept reservation town, but another=
=20
hunt is not expected soon.
The weather, a lack of money, and a hunt that is expected to involve=20
individual families rather than the community as a whole are some of the=20
reasons why.
Last May, the Makah tribe defied the world to reclaim its whaling tradition=
,=20
killing a 3-year-old female gray whale with a harpoon and high-powered rifl=
e=20
shot to the brain.
Months later, tribal members are sporting shirts emblazoned with the date a=
nd=20
time of the kill.
The whale's bones are soaking in an ammonia solution to get the last of the=
=20
meat off so schoolchildren can reassemble the skeleton for display in the=
=20
tribal museum.
And four families are training for another hunt, sharing two traditional=20
cedar whaling canoes carved from a single log.
But both boats are still new enough to be fragile. They need to be rubbed=
=20
down more with seal oil and spend more time in the water before they're=20
properly seasoned. Both are now out of the water for repairs.
Meanwhile, the weather is turning stormy. Though the whaling season began i=
n=20
earnest yesterday, and though hunters-in-training have been in close pursui=
t=20
of whales off the coast,there are many preparations to be made before anoth=
er=20
kill can be attempted.
"Everyone wants to be next, but they are starting to realize how dangerous =
it=20
is, and how much planning is involved," said Wayne Johnson, captain of the=
=20
first hunt.
The 23-member tribal whaling commission has yet to determine whether there =
is=20
a need for more whale meat in Neah Bay, home to about 1,500 Makah tribal=20
members. And no request for a tribal whaling permit has been made.  Johnson=
=20
has yet to find support boats for a hunt. One of the boats used in the last=
=20
hunt needs repair and the other is in use in the winter whiting fishery,=20
probably for weeks.
Money is another factor. The tribe paid hundreds of thousands of dollars fo=
r=20
legal fees and two huge parties connected with the last hunt, attended by=
=20
tribes nationwide.
The tribal commission has run out of federal-grant money to pay its full-ti=
me=20
executive director; volunteers now take calls and handle some administrativ=
e=20
matters, such as rounding up equipment.
The canoes, high-powered rifles, floats, lines, radios and other equipment=
=20
paid for by the tribe are community property. But families will have to=20
shoulder all other costs of a hunt, including any potlatch to celebrate the=
=20
killing of a whale. Indeed, the switch from a tribal hunt to private hunts =
is=20
expected to give the next hunt a very different texture.
Some tribal members said family hunts will be easier than a community hunt=
=20
because tribal members with their own family songs, dances, and traditions=
=20
won't have differences to work out.
In other ways, a family hunt will be harder, and more dangerous: Assembling=
=20
an eight-man crew from one family will mean a wholesale disaster to a singl=
e=20
family if the canoe is lost.
Family hunts also are expected to be more low-key
Last fall the tribe hosted a dinner and hours of traditional songs and danc=
es=20
for media gathered from around the country to introduce the tribe to the=20
world. Tribal leaders offered daily press briefings. =20
Family hunts would be private, except for federal observers who must be=20
present for any whale hunt. The observers monitor the kill to determine if =
it=20
is humane, and to count every time a whale is struck or lost instead of=20
killed.
The tribe also has signed a management agreement with the federal governmen=
t=20
promising to kill whales with a high-powered rifle, to ensure they die=20
quickly. Hunters also are required to spear the whale with a harpoon thrown=
=20
by hand from a traditional whaling canoe.
And the tribe requires every crew member to pass random drug and alcohol=20
tests conducted by tribal police officers. That policy sparked one of the=
=20
most immediate  benefits of the hunt for some crew members, some tribal=20
members say.
"Now that they (crew members) are totally clean that will help them with=20
their own families," said Helma Swan, 81, a tribal elder related to most of=
=20
the whalers in the first hunt. "Some of them have learned how to pray who=
=20
didn't know how to pray. They have gotten their own songs.
"In the future, I don't know what the whale will do for us. But at least th=
e=20
kids will
understand, they were out there to see it."
Keith Johnson, president of the whaling commission, doubts the community wi=
ll=20
use its quota of five whales a year. "We could go get them. That's not a=20
problem. But we couldn't handle five a year."
He said the hunt has united some families that had been feuding, and helped=
=20
even his own family reconnect with relatives not heard from in decades.
The first hunt also helped build the tribe's sense of community and identit=
y,=20
Keith Johnson said.
"Our kids don't have to be whalers, but they know who they are. They can go=
=20
anywhere in the world and they won't get lost."

Copyright 1999 The Seattle Times Company
-------

Gray Whales with Winston
http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/Jungle/1953/index.html
Save the Whales
http://www.homestead.com/savethewhales/index.html
************

CAN YOU HEAR THE DOLPHINS CRY....... (line from a song by Live)

Dolphins Kept in Narrow Space Like Battery Hens
German Tour Operators Boycott Horrible Dolphinarium in the Dominican Republ=
ic

Unscrupulous business men operate one of the world's most appalling=20
dolphinariums in the Dominican Republic, a vacationers' paradise. Seven=20
bottlenose dolphins are vegetating in Manati Park Bavaro near Punta Cana in=
=20
tiny concrete pools to perform several shows a day. Additionally,=20
swim-with-dolphins programs are daily offered to the tourists. The shows an=
d=20
the permanent contact with people put the captured dolphins under additiona=
l=20
stress.

German tour operators, such as LTU, Kreutzer-Touristik, Neckermann, TUI, an=
d=20
their associated companies support the protests voiced by German Dolphin=20
Conservation Society (Gesellschaft zur Rettung der Delphine - GRD) and Whal=
e=20
and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS) and no longer sell Manati Park=20
tickets.

"Unfortunately, a countless number of German tourists still visit the Park=
=20
out of ignorance. This money allows the Park to continue to torture the=20
dolphins," says a GRD spokesperson. Niki Entrup, chief executive of WDCS=20
Germany, visited  the dolphinarium and is shocked about the conditions he=
=20
found: "According to the new EU directive on keeping conditions of wild=20
animals in captivity, this dolphinarium would have to close down immediatel=
y.=20
Tourists should remember this fact and not visit Manati Park." GRD and WDCS=
=20
agree: "Close the dolphinarium at Manati Park!"

In spite of the protests, Manati Park imported two new dolphins from Cuba a=
=20
few days ago, their total number now amounting to seven.

So far, the authorities of the Dominican Republic have done nothing to stop=
=20
the  torturing of the dolphins. GRD and WDCS therefore urge all tourists=20
planning a visit to this country to boycott Manati Park. European tour=20
operators are called upon to join in the German operators' boycott.=20

or further information, please contact GRD.
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Gesellschaft zur Rettung der Delphine
German Dolphin Conservation Society
Kornwegerstr. 37 - 81375 M=FCnchen - Germany
Tel.: 0049-89-7416 0419 - Fax: 0049-89-7416 0411
www.delphinschutz.org
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Please send your protest to the following persons, requesting that the=20
dolphinarium at Manati Park be immediately closed down:=20

Dr. Ram=F3n Ovidio Sanchez Pena
Director Dpto. Vida Silvestre
Fax. 001 - 809 227 1268
Email: vida.silvestre@codetel.net.do
and
Cecilia Hernandez Pena
Sub-Directora Dpto. Vida Sivestre (CITES)
Fax. 001 - 809 227 1268
Email: vida.silvestre@codetel.net.do

**************
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