WHALENET INFO PACKET (4/1/95)

Michael Williamson (mwilliamson@vmsvax.simmons.edu)
Mon, 1 Apr 1995 09:20:43

 
 
 
Welcome to WhaleNet		
 
 
	This packet gives you the information that you need to begin using
WhaleNet in your classroom.  This packet contains the following information:
 
1. Instructions on How to Access WhaleNet
2. Start-up WhaleNet Activities
3. Instructions for recording whale watch data.
4. Instructions on how to input data into the WhaleNet program
5. Marine mammal species sheet with abbreviations
6. Whale Study Data Sheet
7. WhaleNet data base Information Sheet
8. Supplemental Materials information
 
	
Please feel free to contact us for further information.
 
Mr. Michael Williamson    Mr. Paul Colombo             Dr. Karen Talentino
WhaleNet Coordinator      Co-Director EnviroNet       Co-Director EnviroNet
Science Dept.                     Dept. of Biology               Simmons College
200 Riverway                   300 Fenway                     300 Fenway
Boston, MA 02215            Boston, MA 02115            Boston, MA 02115
617/734-5200, x256        617/521-2665                 617/617/521-2666
Mwilliamson@vmsvax.simmons.edu	
Pcolombo@vmsvax.simmons.edu	
Ktalentino@vmsvax.simmons.edu
 
	WhaleNet  is a teacher enhancement project funded by the National
 Science Foundation (RED-9454757) and sponsored by Wheelock College and
Simmons College in Boston.  The purpose of the WhaleNet is to enhance
science education and environmental awareness using interdisciplinary
learning through the use of telecommunications.
 
 
Affiliates' Organizations
 
Allied Whale, College of the Atlantic
American Cetacean Society
Atlantic Cetacean Research Center
Briar Island Ocean Study, N.S.
Buffalo Museum of Science
Cape Ann Whale Watch
Captain Tim Brady & Sons Whale Watch
Carolina Ocean Study Programs
Cetacean Research Unit
Cetacean Society International
Ceta-Research, Inc., Nfld..
Compagnie de la Baie de Tadoussac, P.Q.
Dolphin Fleet
Frenchman Bay Whale Watch Co.
Gulf of Maine Aquarium
Gulf of Maine Marine Ed. Assoc.
Hatfield Marine Science Center, OR
Hyannis Whale Watcher
International Wildlife Coalition
Isles of Shoals Steamship Co.
Manomet Bird Observatory
Marine Education Center of Cape Ann
Marine Education & Research Group
Marine Mammal Center
Massachusetts Audubon Society
Massachusetts Marine Educators
Mingan Island Cetacean Study
M.I.T.S.
Newburyport Whale Watch
New England Aquarium
  Pelagic Research Lab -NEA
  Stranding Network-NEA
  Teacher Resource Center-NEA
New England Science Center
New England Whale Watch
New Hampshire Seacoast Cruises
North Carolina Sea Grant
Northeast Whale Watch
Odyssey Whale Watch
Portuguese Princess Whale Watch
Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies
Quebec-Labrador Foundation
Seattle Public Schools
Seven Seas Whale Watch
Simmons College
Twillingate Island Boat Tours, Nfld.
U. of Alaska Southeast
UC Santa Barbara
UNH Sea Grant
Virginia Marine Science Museum
Whale Conservation Institute
Wheelock College
Yankee Fleet
Zoo Atlanta
 
 
Expand Your Educational Horizons
 
with Telecommunications
 
 
	WhaleNet, in conjunction with research groups, educational
organizations, and whale watch companies, provides a program to
enhance the educational opportunities of students.
 
	WhaleNet offers, students and teachers, curriculum
support, a source of data for interdisciplinary classroom
activities , and interactive informational support through
WhaleNet/EnviroNet utilizing telecommunications.
 
	WhaleNet provides a system where students, teachers, and
researchers collect data on their whale watching cruises and compile
their data on the WhaleNet bulletin board.  The data is then shared, via
WhaleNet, with schools for interdisciplinary curricular activities and
student research in their respective classrooms world-wide.   WhaleNet
is establishing Internet communication between classes from around
the world so that students can use collaborative learning, compare and
relate their experiences, data, and knowledge with one another.
 
	WhaleNet is an interdisciplinary program to enhance
science education and environmental awareness using
telecommunications.  WhaleNet, part of EnviroNet, is an
enhancement project funded by the National Science Foundation and
sponsored by Wheelock College and Simmons College in Boston.
 
	Class activities may be supplemented with
information packets with materials supplied by WhaleNet.
Plans to build a life-sized (55 ft.) inflatable whale that the students
can actually walk through are also available through WhaleNet.  Also
available are Interactive CD-Rom and curriculum materials and the
Elementary Whale Study Curriculum (EWSC) developed by Whale
Conservation Institute and the Discovery Channel, and the booklets
Whale Watches as Interdisciplinary Teaching Opportunities, The World
of Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises -- Interdisciplinary Curriculum
Activities for Pre-K through High School, and Marine Science Activities
on a Budget.  WhaleNet curricula support continues through the winter
months by utilizing information from the humpback southern breeding
areas, WCI Patagonia right whale research, and research information on
tracking whales, ocean toxics (ECOTOX), and bioacoustics supplied by
the voyages of the WCI research vessel Odyssey.
 
	If you are interested in receiving an information
packet, participating in the program, or learning more you
can contact me, Michael Williamson, WhaleNet Coordinator at 617/734-
5200, X256 or 508/468-4699, or Dr. Karen Talentino or Paul Colombo,
EnviroNet co-directors, Park Science Bldg., Simmons College, 300
Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, 617/521-2665,.
 
E-Mail : 	
Michael Williamson		
MWILLIAMSON@VMSVAX.SIMMONS.EDU
Paul Colombo
PCOLOMBO@VMSVAX.SIMMONS.EDU
Dr. Karen Talentino
KTALENTINO@VMSVAX.SIMMONS.EDU
 
 
GUEST INSTRUCTIONS FOR EnviroNet  / WhaleNet                   LOGINS
 
The following are some directions to access our network as a "guest".  Please
feel free to browse through our bulletin boards and let us know if you find
them a help to your instruction.  Bold type indicates information that you
type.
 
to connect to us (you may use our IP# 134.140.112.5), or
our direct dial-up # is (617)521-3000.
 
username> ENVIRONET and
password >SIMMONS
[if Local appears--- Local> c vmsvax]
 
This will give you the BULLETIN> prompt.
There are currently thirteen different bulletin boards that we are running:
 
ENVIRONET     ROADKILL     LEADPAINT    ETHNICPLANTS  ACIDRAIN
OZONE              ENVST-L        LICHENS         FLU           WHALENET
BIRDS              WATERSHED       ENVIROQUEST              MARINE
 
You should access the WhaleNet bulletin board first by typing at the prompt
BULLETIN> select WHALENET.
 
Once the folder has been set to WHALENET you should view the directory by
typing at the prompt BULLETIN> 1 for the introductory message , then at
BULLETIN> dir
This will give you a list of current postings.  Type the number of the file and
[Return] to view the material.
 
To access any of the other bulletin boards you would type select (space) and
then the name of the bulletin board at the BULLETIN> prompt.  When the
board is activated you would simply hit your return key to read the
messages or you can type dir to see a directory of all messages that appear
in the board and access any one message by its number.
 
To LOG OFF or to get out of the system
 
BULLETIN> exit
ENVIRONET    logged out at  8-MAY-1994 11:30:38.90
Local> lo
Local -020- Logged out port 1 on server MCB3
NO CARRIER
 
We hope you enjoy our network and please send us your comments.
 
Michael Williamson, WhaleNet Coordinator,
mwilliamson@vmsvax.simmons.edu
Karen A.Talentino, Co-director EnviroNet,
ktalentino@vmsvax.simmons.edu
Paul D. Colombo, 	Co-director EnviroNet,
pcolombo@vmsvax.simmons.edu
 
*WhaleNet  is funded by the National Science Foundation and supported by
Wheelock Colege and Simmons College, Boston, MA.
 
Recording Whale Watch Data
 
	Prior to making reservations for your whale watch, ask the company
if they are WhaleNet affiliated and/or if they will allow you to conduct
your research: record Lat/Long positions, collect water samples, and/or
collect plankton samples.  The companies need not be affiliated with
WhaleNet, but you should be sure that you will be allowed to conduct your
activities.  Ask if the captain will allow a student in the pilot house to
collect Latitude/Longitude (or LORAN) readings, depths, etc.
 
	Organize your data collecting teams or individuals before you arrive at
the boat.  The excitement of the day, boarding, etc. does not lend itself to
organizing at dock side.
 
Data Sheet
 
1.  Fill in as much of the general information (weather, tides, etc.) in the
data
sheet header as possible.  Sea state (beaufort scale of wind velocity), wave
 height, and visibility should be recorded at sea.
 
2.  Take a Latitude/Longitude (Lat/Long) fix about every 15 minutes on the
way to and from the primary whale watching area beginning at the harbor
mouth.
 
3.  The time should be recorded for each Lat/Long fix and marine mammal
observation.  Use 24-hr. time for all data entries, i.e.  2:15 PM would be
14:15. (For afternoon or evening just add 12 to the hour.)
 
4. The location is determined by Lat/Long coordinates (i.e. 71 24'W, 42 40'N)
 Two coordinates are used for a fix.  Write one coordinate in each column
under Location.
 
5.  Depth can either be recorded by depth sounder on the boat or by making
a fix on the chart and noting the depth on the chart closest to the fix.  Many
 depth sounders do not work well when the boat is traveling at higher
speeds.
 
6.  When a whale is observed record the species using the Species
Abbreviation Sheet, i.e. Mn for humpback, Bp for fin whale etc.
 
7.  Record the number of whales in the immediate area (subjective distance
 judgment) around the boat.  This can be confusing when there are a number
of whales in the area.  Use a separate line on the data sheet for each species
in an area, all the other data will be the same, i.e. time, Lat/Long, depth,
etc.
 
8.  Grouping is recorded by listing the number of whales in a group. The sum
 total of grouping must equal the previous Number recorded.  For instance, if
you have 6  humpback whales, you may have 2+2+1+1 if there are two pairs
and two single animals.  a cow/calf pair is recorded as c/c.
 
9.  Behavior is recorded as feeding, traveling, breaching, flipper slapping, lob
 
tailing, spy hop, logging, trumpeting, etc.  There are more behaviors and
some researchers take minute detailed behavioral data, but for your
purposes that detail may not be necessary.
 
10. The last column can be used for names of humpbacks.  Most of the Gulf
of Maine population have been named to facilitate data transfer by
researchers.
 
Marine Mammals and Turtle Sighting Abbreviations
Abbr  No.      Common Name       Genus  Species
Eg	1	Right Whale 	Eubalaena    glacialis
Bm   	2     	Blue Whale             Balaenoptera musculus
Bp   	3     	Fin Whale               Balaenoptera  physalus
Bb   	4     	Sei Whale               Balaenoptera  borealis
Be   	5     	Bryde's Whale         Balaenoptera  edeni
Ba   	6     	Minke Whale            Balaenoptera  acutorostrata
Mn   	7     	Humpback Whale      Megaptera  novaeangliae
Pc   	8     	Sperm Whale             Physeter  Catodon
Kb   	9     	Pygmy Sperm Whale  Kogia  breviceps
Er   	10    	Gray Whale                   Eschrichtius   robustus
Dl	11    	Beluga Whale                    Delphinapterus  leucas
Lo	12    	Pacific White Sided Dolphin  Lagenorhynchus  obliquidens
Md   	13    	Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon  densirostris
Me   	14    	Gerval's Beaked Whale    Mesoplodon europaeus
Mm	15    	True's Beaked Whale        Mesoplodon mirus
Zc   	16    	Cuvier's Beaked Whale    Ziphius    cavirostris
Ha   	17    	Northern Bottlenose WhaleHyperoodon ampullatus
Pe   	18    	Melon-Headed Whale  	Peponocephala  electra
Fa   	19    	Pygmy Killer Whale         Feresa   attenuata
Px   	20    	False Killer Whale              Pseudorca    crassidens
Oo   	21    	Killer Whale                        Orcinus      orca
Gm   	22    	Long-Finned Pilot Whale   Globicephala   melaena
Gx   	23    	Short-Finned Pilot Whale   Globicephala  macrorhynchus
Sb   	24    	Rough-Toothed Dolphin     Steno    bredanensis
Wb   	25    	White Beaked Dolphin      Lagenorhynchus  albirostris
La   	26    	Atlantic White Sided Dolphin  Lagenorhynchus   acutus
Lh   	27    	Frasar's Dolphin                Lagenorhynchus  hosei
Dd   	28    	Common Dolphin               Delphinus    delphis
Tt   	29    	Bottlenose Dolphin            Tursiops    truncatus
Gg   	30    	Risso's Dolphin                   Grampus    grisaus
Sp   	31    	Spotted Dolphin                 Stenella      plaglodon
Sl   	32    	Long-Snouted Spinner Dolphin    Stenella   longirostris
Sx   	33    	Short-Snouted Spinner Dolphin   Stenella   clymene
Sc   	34    	Striped Dolphin                   Stenella       coeruleoalba
Pp   	35    	Harbor Porpoise                  Phocoena     phonoena
Or	S.36  	Walrus                                Odobenus     rosmarus
Pg	S.37  	Harp Seal                            Phoca          groenlandica
 
Cc	S.38  	Hooded Seal                        Cystophora    cristata
Hg   	S.39  	Gray Seal                             Halichoerus    grypus
Pv   	S.40  	Harbor Seal                         Phoca     vitulina
Tm   	S.41  	West Indian Manatee          Trichechus   manatus
Dc   	T.42  	Leatherback Turtle             Dermochelys  corlacea
Cc   	T.43	Loggerhead Turtle               Caretta   caretta
Cm 	T.44  	Green Turtle                       Chelonia    mydas
Lk  	T.45 	Ridley Turtle                      Lepidochelys  kempi
Ei   	T.46  	Hawks Bill Turtle                Eretmochelys  imbricata
UD 	U.47  	Unidentified Dolphin/Porpoise
UB 	U.48  	Unidentified Large Whale
UX  	U.49  	Unidentified Small Whale
 
>>> NOTE: Use the first letter of the Genus and species for species not listed.
 
WhaleNet Data Input Instructions
 
	After you access the E-mail address (see WhaleNet Access Sheet) input
the data as follows.
 
1.  Under the heading SUBJECT, enter the data as shown.
	
	To: WhaleNet@vmsvax.simmons.edu
	CC:
	Subject: Data/NSB/May 4 94/WCI/Daunto/Stoneham MS 6
		  Data/Area/Date/Research Group/Vessel/School
 
Key:
 
Data - identifies the entry as data
 
NSB - identifies area [NSB- Northern Stellwagen Bank, SSB - Southern
Stellwagen Bank, JL-Jeffrey's Ledge, IP-Ipswich Bay, LIS - Long Island
Sound, VB - Virginia Beach, etc.]
 
May 4 94 - date
 
WCI - organization Whale Conservation Institute, boats should have a
research group affiliated with it.
 
Daunto- specific vessel name
 
Stoneham MS 6- school or group name, grade
 
 
NOTE: This must be consistent for the users' sake.  This information will
appear on the Bulletin Board Directory, and thus, it will simplify sorting
through all of the many data entries on the directory.  For instance, if you
wish to do a longitudinal study you may want to select only the WCI data
over a period of time.  WCI will continually input data throughout the
season.  If you want to concentrate on one specific area, you may select only
one area code like NSB (Northern Stellwagen Bank), if you want to study
from only one boat you may select it, or you may select specific dates if you
want to compare data by dates, etc.
 
** NON-WHALE WATCHING CLASSES **
 
If you are a class not going on a whale watch but using the whale watch
data, use the data sheets to copy data off of the WhaleNet Bulletin Board.
 You can then use the data in the same way as those that did go on an actual
whale watch.
 
 
Simulated E-Mail Entry
 
To: WhaleNet@VMSVAX.simmons.edu
CC:
Subject:  Data/NSB/ May 4 94/WCI/Daunty V/Stoneham MS
 
[data header]
Vessel - Daunto
Date - May 4 94
School - Stoneham Middle School
Grade - 6
Sea State- 2
Wave Ht.- 1-2 ft
Wind - NW/10 kts
Air Temp- 68'F
Water Temp- 55'F
Cloud Cover- 10 %
Visibility- 15 nm
High Tide (time) - 15:30
Recorder - Jim Williams
 
[data ]
Time,Latitude,Longitude,Depth,Species,Number,Grouping,Behavior,Names
  9:00, 42 40', 70 45'
 . . .
10:30, 42 45', 70 40'
10:45, 42 23N, 70 25W, 150 ft., Mn, 5, 3+2, logging, Salt Liner,
11:00, 42 45N, 70 22W
11:15, 42 45N, 70 20W, 100 ft., Mn, 3, 1+1+1, Feeding, Pepper
11:15, 42 55N, 70 30W, 100 ft., Bp, 2, 2, feeding
11:30, 42 45N, 70 28W
 . . .
15:20, 40 50N, 70 25W, 250 ft., Ba, 7, 1+1+1+1+1+1+1, feeding
 
Day Totals:  Hrs ___3__  Miles __47__ Mn __8___ Bp __2___ Ba ___7__ etc.
 
Data Entry:
	Header: Each day's data must contain header information as shown.
For the Data Header write the name of the entry as shown on the Simulated
 E-Mail Entry (above), and then type the information,i.e. Vessel - Daunto.
 
	Data: The first line of the data entry contains the column headings on
the Data Sheet separated by the , (comma).  Each of the following lines are a
single line from the data sheet with each column entry separated by the ,
 (comma).
 
Data input example explanations using last line of entry (above):
15:20 = 3:20 PM - use 24 hr time
40 23' & 70 25' - Lat/Long coordinates taken from ships LORAN
250 ft.- depth taken either from location (fix) on chart or depth sounder on
boat.
Ba - species Minke (a listing of abbreviations will accompany packet)
7 - number of species of whale in area of boat
1+1+1+1+1+1+1 - grouping of whales, sometimes singles, pairs etc.
feeding - observed behavior (a listing of common behaviors will accompany
packet)
Day Totals - for day try to eliminate duplicate sightings of same whales.
		Hours from leaving to arriving at harbor mouth.
 
 
WhaleNet Sample & Start-up Activities
 
Activity 1:  Navigation
 
	Simple navigation methods can be used to involve mathematics.  Using
latitude and longitude, or a system of navigation called LORAN (Long Range
Aid to Navigation) the ship's position can be plotted very accurately on a
navigation chart.  The ship's track can be plotted on a chart by taking a
 position check or fix periodically by recording the time and ship's
 Lat/Longcoordinates.  Prior to your trip laminate your chart or cover it with
clear contact paper.  The students can use water soluble fine tip markers to
plot the fixes and course as the day progresses.  Different colors can be used
to indicate different species sightings, etc.  The chart can be reused when the
fixes are washed off.  (Use Lat/Long if possible.)
 
	With the plot of the ship's course a number of activities can be
undertaken.  Plot the vessel's research track and calculate: the distance
 covered, the rate of the vessel's travel from point to point (D=R*T, " a
minute's a mile the world around"), the depth of water at various points can
be found by checking the depth on the chart at the point of the fix, and the
topography of the research track can be observed (see bathymetry below).
 
	Students can plot the track of the boat by recording the Lat/Long
 coordinates at preset time intervals, i.e. every 15 minutes and/or at every
sighting of marine mammals, and then plotting these points (taking a fix) on
a chart of the area. (Charts are available for $13.00 or a bathymetric
(fishing) chart for $3.00 through boat yards or boating magazines.  The
bathymetric chart gives a better visualization of the bottom topography and
may be more helpful if a study of bottom topography is planned.  The
bathymetric chart also has some LORAN lines on it, but not as many as the
navigation chart.
NOTE: you only need the Lat/Long or two LORAN coordinates to plot a position.)
 
	Using the research track, students should note locations, depths,
topography, etc. where marine mammals are observed along with the
behavior and activity observed.
 
 
Activity 2: Water Testing
 
	Water testing is an important part of oceanography and whale
research.  Activities such as testing the water temperature, density and
salinity are commonly measured qualities of sea water.  To collect a water
sample notify crew members, wait until the boat STOPS COMPLETELY, drop a bucket
with a line attached to the handle overboard and bring up a water
sample.  Use a thermometer to measure the temperature, and a hydrometer
to measure the density.  With the density and temperature, the salinity can
be determined using temp/density/salinity charts or graphs.
 
	The color of the water, sea state (wave height), wind velocity and
direction, and air temperature are also important bits of information to the
researcher.  This information is listed on the data sheet.
 
 
Activity 3:  Plankton Tow and Analysis
 
	A plankton tow and analysis explains a great deal about why the
whales are where they are.  The plankton can be examined with hand lenses
or microscopes, and depending on the class age various degrees of plankton
analysis can be conducted.  Data on density of plankton, identification of
plankton types, etc. can be included.
 
	A discussion and development of food chains and food webs would be
a natural follow-up to the plankton tow.  Phytoplankton (plants) and zoo-
plankton (animals) can be observed under normal conditions.  If only one
 plankton net can be purchased choose a phytoplankton net.  It collects both
plant and animal plankton.
 
 
Activity 4:  Data Collection
 
	Data collection should be made on: the location of the observation, the
species observed, the number of each species, behavior of the organism, and
any other information that might be important.
	Data sheets should be photocopied from the one included in advance
of the trips and research groups can be assigned in any manner appropriate
to the class.  Groups can either be assigned to take data for the class or
groups can be assigned to take data throughout the trip.  It would be
suggested that only one person at a time be assigned to record the position
coordinates (Lat/Long) in the pilot house, and the captain should be
contacted and talked with about the best procedure prior to the trip.  Some
vessels have Lat/Long or LORAN receivers in the public cabin, inquire at the
time you make your reservations.
 
	For more class involvement, additional data can be collected on the
pollution (floating trash) and bird sightings.  The Pollution Data Table should
include time sighted, location, type of trash, amount of trash, composition of
trash, etc.  The data of the times sighted can be coordinated with the position
recordings to approximate the location of the trash sightings.  Totals of the
trash sightings should be included after the whale sighting information.  Bird
sightings can also be recorded in a similar fashion.  There is a bird sighting
bulletin board in EnviroNet, see the EnviroNet booklet for procedures to
input bird data.
 
 
Activity 5: Photo-Identification of Whales
 
	Photo-identification photographs of humpback whales taken on the
cruise should be recorded as follows: date, location, photo taken by whom,
what roll number of film (number each roll of film with the initials of the
photographer & roll number such as: JMW/95-001), and what number on
the roll.  The photographs can be used later to identify the whale using a
humpback whale catalogue or they can be mailed to Allied Whale, College of
the Atlantic, Bar Harbor, Maine to be entered into the Humpback Whale
Catalogue data base.
 
 
Activity 6:  Mathematics
 
	Plot the complete research track on a chart.  How many miles did the
 trip cover?  What was the average speed of the boat from fix to fix, for the
entire trip?  What was the heading (compass direction) on each leg of the
trip?  How many sighting were made for each hour of the trip?  (This is the
"catch effort" used by whalers to compare the efficiency of a trip.)  This
method can also be used to compare different trips, on different days,
locations, boats, etc.
 
 
Activity 7:  Bathymetry
 
	Using graph paper placed along each leg of the research track the
 bottom topography can be plotted and displayed.  Fold a piece of graph
paper along a line about one inch from the edge of the paper.  Place the
graph paper on the track line drawn on the chart and using a predetermined
scale for depth on the vertical axis, plot the depth of the bottom on the
(vertical) Y-axis vs. appropriate/convenient points on the (horizontal) X-axis.
 
Connect the strip profiles for each leg of the cruise together to show the
bottom topography of the entire trip.
 
	Return to the bottom topography profile and note where on the
surface what species were sighted and what the behavior observed was, i.e.
feeding, logging, traveling, etc.  Is there a pattern of behavior of the whales
or the location of the whales to the bottom topography?  Are sightings
usually made over a specific type of bottom?   Analyze the data from your
trip.
 
Activity 8:  Topographic Model of the Bottom
	
	Construct a model of Stellwagen Bank.  Draw lines perpendicular to the
ridge line of the bank about one inch apart.  Have students use graph paper
to make a profile of the bottom on each line.  Glue the graph paper to pieces
of cardboard and cut out the profiles.  Line the cardboard profiles up one
inch apart in clay or similar substance to hold up the cardboard, and cover
with damp cloth or paper.  Press the cloth or paper down gently to the
contour of the cardboard, allow to dry, and spray with paint and allow to
dry.  Use your imagination!
 
Activity 9: Analysis of Whale Watch Data
 
	Suggestions for analysis: (1) compare "catch efforts" (number of
sightings of a species for each hour on the whale watch) for different days,
different species, etc.; (2) compare the range of behaviors of species on a
given day; (3) compare data for Jeffrey's Ledge and Stellwagen Bank on a
given day or week; (4) compare numbers of cow/calf pairs on given days;
(5) calculate the number of whales with killer whale scars; (6) compare the
 depths where the different species were observed; (7) compare where most
of the sightings were, on the bank or ledge, over the deep water, etc. or
(8) compare numbers of sightings vs. sea state, cloud cover, wind velocity,
etc.
 
Activity 10: Analysis of Marine Pollution
	
	Collect data on pollution and floating debris by using a data sheet
similar to the marine mammal data sheet, but substitute Object for Species
and Composition for Grouping.  Up-load the data using the same procedure as
for the marine mammals but use Pollution Data in place of Data in the
subject header.  We will also be collecting Coast Sweep data in the future.
 
Activity 11: Analysis of Pelagic Birds
 
	Collect data on pelagic birds by using a data sheet similar to the
marine mammal data sheet.  Up-load the information by substituting Bird
Data in the subject header.
 
** NON-WHALE WATCHING CLASSROOMS **
 
	If you are one of the classrooms not going on a whale watch but using
the whale watch data, use the data sheets to copy data off of the WhaleNet
Bulletin Board.  You can then use the data in the same way as those that did
go on an actual whale watch.
 
 
WhaleNet Supplementary Materials
 
The listed materials may be purchased to supplement your classroom
curriculum.
	
 
Marine Science Activities on a Budget (booklet) - Contains a cross-section of
oceanographic activities that can be altered to accommodate many grade
levels.
 
The World of Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises - Interdisciplinary
Curriculum Units for Pre-K through High School (book) - This contains
200+ pages of interdisciplinary activities, bibliographies, etc. suitable for a
wide range of interests, abilities, and grade levels. $20.00
 
How to Build an Inflatable (55 ft.) Fin Whale (booklet) - Instructions on
how to build a 55 foot long model of a whale that can be carried in a duffel
bag by one person.  Students and teachers can walk inside.  Estimated cost
for materials is between $40.00 and $50.00
 
Marine Science Bibliography (pamphlet) - Extensive bibliography for a wide
range of grade levels and interests from general knowledge, children's books,
to scientific information for the marine mammal biologist.
 
Marine Science Activities on a Budget (booklet)                 $13.00
 
The World of Whales, Dolphins,and Porpoises - Interdisciplinary
Curriculum Units for Pre-K through High School (book)      $20.00
 
How to Build an Inflatable (55 ft.) Fin Whale (booklet)       $8.00
 
Marine Science Bibliography (pamphlet)                              $3.00
 
Prices (in US funds) include Shipping.
							TOTAL -
_____________
 
Make Check payable to: J. Michael Williamson
 
Send order form to: J. Michael Williamson	
Your Name:____________________________
MICS	Address ______________________________
20 Moynihan Rd.	_____________________________________
So. Hamilton, MA 01982	_____________________________________
 
Whalenet Info Packet/ 	 	)1995-WhaleNet/J. Michael Williamson