WhaleNet Info Packet 7.95

Michael Williamson (mwilliamson@vmsvax.simmons.edu)
Mon, 30 Jul 1995 17:32:06

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Subject: WhaleNet Info Packet 7.95
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Whalenet Info Packet/July 30, 1995
)1995-WhaleNet/J. Michael Williamson
 
 
WhaleNet
 
Interactive Education
with
Telecommunications
 
Welcome to WhaleNet
 
        The mission of WhaleNet is to implement an interdisciplinary
student-centered interactive educational program focussed on
whales, the marine habitat, and environmental studies.  The program
provides a range of high interest "hands-on" materials and
supplementary curricular activities that will stimulate interest in and
a desire for learning.  Emphasizing the use of advanced technologies
and telecommunications, WhaleNet provides access to resources
which enhances environmental awareness, while developing interest
in science and improving skills in problem solving and critical
thinking.
 
        This packet gives you the information that you need to access
and to begin using WhaleNet in your classroom.  This packet contains
the following information:
 
1. Instructions on How to Access WhaleNet
2. Start-up WhaleNet Activities
3. Instructions for recording and using data.
4. Instructions on how to input data into the WhaleNet program
5. Marine mammal species sheet with abbreviations
6. Whale Study and Pollution Data Sheets
7. WhaleNet data base Information Sheet
8. Supplemental Materials information
 
 
 
Please feel free to contact us for further information.
 
 
Mr. Michael Williamson  williams@whale.simmons.edu
WhaleNet Coordinator
Science Dept.
Wheelock College
200 Riverway
Boston, MA 02215
617/734-5200, x256
 
Mr. Paul Colombo        colombo@whale.simmons.edu
Co-Director EnviroNet
Dept. of Biology
Simmons College
300 Fenway
Boston, MA 02115
617/521-2665
 
Dr. Karen Talentino
Co-Director EnviroNet
Dept. of Biology
Simmons College
300 Fenway
Boston, MA 02115
617/617/521-2666
Ktalentino@vmsvax.simmons.edu
Williams@whale.simmons.edu      Colombo@whale.simmons.edu
 
 
WhaleNet is a teacher enhancement project funded by the National
Science Foundation (RED-9454757) and sponsored by Wheelock
College and Simmons College in Boston.  The purpose of the WhaleNet
is to enhance science education and environmental awareness using
interdisciplinary learning through the use of telecommunications.
 
Affiliates' Organizations
 
Allied Whale, College of the Atlantic
American Cetacean Society
Atlantic Cetacean Research Center
Bolt Beranek & Newman
Boston Museum of Science
Briar Island Ocean Study, N.S.
Buffalo Museum of Science
Cape Ann Whale Watch
Captain Tim Brady & Sons Whale Watch
Carolina Ocean Study Programs
Center for Whale Research
Cetacean Research Program
Cetacean Society International
Ceta-Research, Inc., Nfld..
Compagnie de la Baie de Tadoussac, P.Q.
Dolphin Fleet Whale Watch
East India Cruise Co.
Frenchman Bay Whale Watch Co.
Friday Harbor Whale Museum
Gulf of Maine Aquarium
Gulf of Maine Marine Ed. Assoc.
Harbor Explorations, UMass/Boston
Hatfield Marine Science Center, OR
Hyannis Whale Watcher
International Wildlife Coalition
Isles of Shoals Steamship Co.
Manomet Bird Observatory
Marine Education Center of Cape Ann
Marine Education & Research Group
Marine Mammal Center
Massachusetts Audubon Society
Massachusetts Marine Educators
Massachusetts Water Resources Authority
Mingan Island Cetacean Study
Museum Institute for Teaching Science
Newburyport Whale Watch
New England Aquarium
  Pelagic Research Lab -NEA
  Stranding Network-NEA
  Teacher Resource Center-NEA
New England Science Center
New England Whale Watch
New Hampshire Seacoast Cruises
NMFS-NE Fisheries
NOAA Marine Sanctury-Stellwagen Bank
North Carolina Sea Grant
Northeast Whale Watch
Ocean Society
Odyssey Whale Watch
Portuguese Princess Whale Watch
Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies
Quebec-Labrador Foundation
Seattle Public Schools
Seven Seas Whale Watch
Simmons College
Twillingate Island Boat Tours, Nfld.
U. of Alaska Southeast
UC Santa Barbara
U. of Helsinki, Finland
UNH Sea Grant
Virginia Marine Science Museum
Whale Conservation Institute
Wheelock College
Yankee Fleet
Zoo Atlanta
 
Expand Your Educational Horizons
with Telecommunications
 
        WhaleNet, in conjunction with research groups, educational
organizations, and whale watch companies, provides a program to
enhance the educational opportunities of students.
 
        WhaleNet offers, students and teachers, curriculum resources
and support, a source of data for interdisciplinary classroom
activities , and interactive informational support through
WhaleNet/EnviroNet utilizing telecommunications.
 
        WhaleNet established Internet communication between
researchers and students from around the world so that they can
share and use research data, collaborative learning, and personal
field experiences to enhance their educationand interest in science.
WhaleNet provides a system where students, teachers, and
researchers collect and then compile their data on the WhaleNet
server.  The data is then shared, via WhaleNet, with schools for
interdisciplinary curricular activities and student research in their
respective classrooms world-wide.
 
        WhaleNet is an interdisciplinary program to enhance science
education and environmental awareness using telecommunications.
WhaleNet, part of EnviroNet, is an enhancement project funded by
the National Science Foundation and sponsored by Wheelock College
and Simmons College in Boston.
 
        Class activities may be supplemented with information and
materials made available through WhaleNet. Plans to build a life-
sized (55 ft.) inflatable whale that the students can actually walk
through are available through WhaleNet.  Also available are
Interactive CD-Rom and curriculum materials and the Elementary
Whale Study Curriculum (EWSC) developed by Whale Conservation
Institute and the Discovery Channel, and the booklets Whale Watches
as Interdisciplinary Teaching Opportunities, The World of Whales,
Dolphins, and Porpoises -- Interdisciplinary Curriculum Activities for
Pre-K through High School, and Marine Science Activities on a
Budget.  WhaleNet curricula support continues through the winter
months by utilizing information from the humpback southern
breeding areas, WCI Patagonia right whale research, and research
information on tracking whales, ocean toxics (ECOTOX), and
bioacoustics supplied by the voyages of the WCI research vessel
Odyssey.
 
        If you are interested in receiving more information,
participating in the program, or learning more you can contact me,
Michael Williamson, WhaleNet Coordinator at 617/734-5200, X256,
Fax 617/566-7369, or 508/468-4699, or Paul Colombo, EnviroNet,
Park Science Bldg., Simmons College, 300 Fenway, Boston, MA 02115,
617/521-2665,.
 
GUEST INSTRUCTIONS FOR EnviroNet  / WhaleNet                   LOGINS
 
The following are some directions to access our network as a "guest".
Please feel free to browse through our files and let us know if you
find them a help to your instruction.  Bold type indicates information
that you type.  You may connect through Telnet, www, gopher, or
lynx using:
 
Http://whale.simmons.edu
Gopher://whale.simmons.edu
or
TELNET>  connect vmsvax.simmons.edu
 
to connect to us ( IP# 134.140.112.5), or our direct dial-up # is
(617)521-3000.
 
username> ENVIRONET
password >SIMMONS
[if Local appears--- Local> c vmsvax]
This will give you the BULLETIN> prompt.
There are different bulletin boards that we are running:
 
WHALENET        ROADKILL        LEADPAINT       ETHNICPLANTS
ACIDRAIN                OZONE                   ENVST-L         LICHENS
 
FLU                     ENVIRONET       BIRDS                   WATERSHED
ENVIROQUEST     MARINE
 
        You should access the WhaleNet bulletin board first by typing
at the prompt
BULLETIN> select WHALENET.
        Once the folder has been set to WHALENET you should view the
directory by typing at the prompt BULLETIN> 1 for the introductory
message , then at BULLETIN> dir  This will give you a list of current
postings.  Type the number of the file and [Return] to view the
material.
 
        To access any of the other bulletin boards you would type
select (space) and then the name of the bulletin board at the
BULLETIN> prompt.  When the board is activated you would simply
hit your return key to read the messages or you can type dir to see a
directory of all messages that appear in the board and access any one
message by its number.
 
To exit:
BULLETIN> exit
ENVIRONET    logged out at  8-MAY-1994 11:30:38.90
Local> lo
 
We hope you enjoy our network and please send us your comments.
 
Michael Williamson,     WhaleNet Coordinator,
        williams@whale.simmons.edu
Paul D. Colombo,        EnviroNet,
        colombo@whale.simmons.edu
Karen A.Talentino,      EnviroNet,
        ktalentino@vmsvax.simmons.edu
 
*WhaleNet  is funded by the National Science Foundation and
supported by Wheelock Colege and Simmons College, Boston, MA.
 
Recording Whale Watch Data
 
        Prior to making reservations for your whale watch, ask the
company if they are WhaleNet affiliated and/or if they will allow you
to conduct your research: record Lat/Long positions, collect water
samples, and/or collect plankton samples.  The companies need not
be affiliated with WhaleNet, but you should be sure that you will be
allowed to conduct your activities.  Ask if the captain will allow a
student in the pilot house to collect Latitude/Longitude (or LORAN)
readings, depths, etc.
 
        Organize your data collecting teams or individuals before you
arrive at the boat.  The excitement of the day, boarding, etc. does not
lend itself to organizing at dock side.
 
Data Sheet
 
1.  Fill in as much of the general information (weather, tides, etc.) in
the data sheet header as possible.  Sea state (beaufort scale of wind
velocity), wave height, and visibility should be recorded at sea.
 
2.  Take a Latitude/Longitude (Lat/Long) fix about every 15 minutes
on the way to and from the primary whale watching area beginning
at the harbor mouth. Indicate N or S latitude (i.e. N lat) and E or W
longitude (i.e. W long) on the data.  This is important because of the
international nature of the data.
 
3.  The time should be recorded for each Lat/Long fix and marine
mammal observation.  Use 24-hr. time for all data entries, i.e.  2:15
PM would be 14:15. (For afternoon or evening just add 12 to the
hour.)
 
4. The location is determined by Lat/Long coordinates (i.e. 71 24'W,
42 40'N)  Two coordinates are used for a fix.  Write one coordinate in
each column under Location.
 
5.  Depth can either be recorded by depth sounder on the boat or by
making a fix on the chart and noting the depth on the chart closest to
the fix.  Many depth sounders do not work well when the boat is
traveling at higher speeds.
 
6.  When a whale is observed record the Species using the Species
Abbreviation Sheet, i.e. Mn for humpback, Bp for fin whale etc.
 
7.  Record the Number of whales in the immediate area (subjective
distance judgment) around the boat.  This can be confusing when
there are a number of whales in the area.  Use a separate line on the
data sheet for each species in an area, all the other data will be the
same, i.e. time, Lat/Long, depth, etc.
 
8.  Grouping is recorded by listing the number of whales in a group.
The sum total of grouping must equal the previous Number recorded.
For instance, if you have 6  humpback whales, you may have
2+2+1+1 if there are two pairs and two single animals.  a cow/calf
pair is recorded as c/c.
 
9.  Behavior is recorded as feeding, traveling, breaching, flipper
slapping, lob tailing, spy hop, logging, trumpeting, etc.  There are
more behaviors and some researchers take minute detailed
behavioral data, but for your purposes that detail may not be
necessary.
 
10. Names of humpbacks.  Most of the Gulf of Maine population have
been named to facilitate data transfer by researchers.
 
11. Water Temp in the last column at each sighting and fix, if
possible.
 
Marine Mammals and Turtle Sighting Abbreviations
Abbr    No.     Common Name     Genus   Species
Eg      1       Right Whale     Eubalaena               glacialis
Bm   2          Blue Whale                              Balaenoptera
musculus
Bp      3       Fin Whale                               Balaenoptera
 physalus
Bb      4       Sei Whale                               Balaenoptera
borealis
Be      5       Bryde's Whale                           Balaenoptera    edeni
Ba      6       Minke Whale                             Balaenoptera
acutorostrata
Mn   7          Humpback Whale                  Megaptera     novaeangliae
Pc      8       Sperm Whale                             Physeter
macrocephalus
Kb      9       Pygmy Sperm Whale               Kogia
breviceps
Er      10    Gray Whale                Eschrichtius        robustus
Dl      11    Beluga Whale                      Delphinapterus  leucas
Lo      12    Pacific White Sided Dolphin       Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
Md   13         Blainville's Beaked Whale       Mesoplodon    densirostris
Me      14    Gerval's Beaked Whale     Mesoplodon      europaeus
Mm      15    True's Beaked Whale               Mesoplodon      mirus
Zc      16    Cuvier's Beaked Whale     Ziphius                 cavirostris
Ha      17    Northern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon      ampullatus
Pe      18    Melon-Headed Whale        Peponocephala   electra
Fa      19    Pygmy Killer Whale                Feresa          attenuata
Px      20    False Killer Whale                Pseudorca
crassidens
Oo      21    Killer Whale                      Orcinus                 orca
Gm   22         Long-Finned Pilot Whale         Globicephala    melaena
Gx      23    Short-Finned Pilot Whale          Globicephala macrorhynchus
Sb      24    Rough-Toothed Dolphin     Steno           bredanensis
Wb   25         White Beaked Dolphin            Lagenorhynchus  albirostris
La      26    Atlantic White Sided Dolphin      Lagenorhynchus acutus
Lh      27    Frasar's Dolphin                  Lagenorhynchus  hosei
Dd      28    Common Dolphin                    Delphinus
delphis
Tt      29    Bottlenose Dolphin                Tursiops        truncatus
Gg      30    Risso's Dolphin                   Grampus
grisaus
Sp      31    Spotted Dolphin                   Stenella
plaglodon
Sl      32    Long-Snouted Spinner Dolphin      Stenella        longirostris
Sx      33    Short-Snouted Spinner Dolphin     Stenella        clymene
Sc      34    Striped Dolphin                   Stenella          coeruleoalba
Pp      35    Harbor Porpoise                   Phocoena
phonoena
Or      S.36  Walrus                            Odobenus
rosmarus
Pg      S.37  Harp Seal                         Phoca             groenlandica
Cc      S.38  Hooded Seal                       Cystophora
cristata
Hg      S.39  Gray Seal                         Halichoerus     grypus
Pv      S.40  Harbor Seal                       Phoca
vitulina
Tm   S.41       West Indian Manatee             Trichechus      manatus
Dc      T.42  Leatherback Turtle                Dermochelys     corlacea
Cc      T.43    Loggerhead Turtle               Caretta         caretta
Cm      T.44  Green Turtle              Chelonia        mydas
Lk      T.45    Ridley Turtle                           Lepidochelys    kempi
Ei      T.46  Hawks Bill Turtle                 Eretmochelys    imbricata
UD      U.47    Unidentified Dolphin/Porpoise
UB      U.48    Unidentified Large Whale
UX      U.49    Unidentified Small Whale
 
>>> NOTE: Use the first letter of the Genus and species for species not
listed. <<<
 
WhaleNet Data Input Instructions
 
        After you access the E-mail address (see WhaleNet Access
Sheet) input the data as follows.
 
1.  Under the heading SUBJECT, enter the data as shown.
 
        To: WhaleNet@vmsvax.simmons.edu
        CC:
        Subject: Data/NSB/May 4 94/WCI/Pita I/Stoneham MS 6
                        Data/Area/Date/Research Group/Vessel/School
 
        Key:
 
Data - identifies the entry as data
 
NSB - identifies area [NSB- Northern Stellwagen Bank, SSB - Southern
Stellwagen Bank, JL-Jeffrey's Ledge, IP-Ipswich Bay, LIS - Long
Island Sound, VB - Virginia Beach, etc.]
 
May 4 94 - date
 
WCI - organization Whale Conservation Institute, boats should have a
research group affiliated with it.
 
Pita I- specific vessel name
 
Stoneham MS 6- school or group name, grade
 
NOTE: This must be consistent for the users' sake.  This information
will appear on the Bulletin Board Directory, and thus, it will simplify
sorting through all of the many data entries on the directory.  For
instance, if you wish to do a longitudinal study you may want to
select only the WCI data over a period of time.  WCI will continually
input data throughout the season.  If you want to concentrate on one
specific area, you may select only one area code like NSB (Northern
Stellwagen Bank), if you want to study from only one boat you may
select it, or you may select specific dates if you want to compare data
by dates, etc.
 
** NON-WHALE WATCHING CLASSES **
 
        If you are a class not going on a whale watch but using the
whale watch data, use the data sheets to copy data off of the
WhaleNet Bulletin Board.  You can then use the data in the same way
as those that did go on an actual whale watch.
 
 
Simulated E-Mail Entry
 
To: WhaleNet@VMSVAX.simmons.edu
CC:
Subject:  Data/NSB/ May 4 94/MICS/Pita I/Stoneham MS
 
[data header]
Vessel - Pita I
Location of Port- Beverly, Mass., USA
Date - May 4 94
School/Org - Stoneham Middle School
Grade - 6
Sea State- 2
Wave Ht.- 1-2 ft
Wind - NW/10 kts
Air Temp- 68'F
Water Temp- 55'F
Cloud Cover- 10 %
Visibility- 15 nm
High Tide (time) - 15:30
Recorder - Jim Williams
 
[data ]
Time,LatN,LongW,Depth,Species,Number,Grouping,Behavior,Names,
Water Temp.
  9:00, 42 40'N, 70 45'W,d,s,n,g,b,n,w
  9:15, 42 43'N, 70 42'W, d,s,n,g,b,n,w
10:30, 42 45'N, 70 40'W,d,s,n,g,b,n,w
10:45, 42 23N, 70 25W, 150 ft., Mn, 5, 3+2, logging, Salt Liner,
11:00, 42 45N, 70 22W, d,s,n,g,b,n,w
11:15, 42 45N, 70 20W, 100 ft., Mn, 3, 1+1+1, Feeding, Pepper
11:15, 42 55N, 70 30W, 100 ft., Bp, 2, 2, feeding
11:30, 42 45N, 70 28W, d,s,n,g,b,n,w
 . . .
15:20, 40 50N, 70 25W, 250 ft., Ba, 7, 1+1+1+1+1+1+1, feeding
 
Day Totals:  Hrs ___3_  Miles _47__ Mn _8___ Bp __2__Ba ___7__ etc.
 
Data Entry:
        Header: Each day's data must contain header information as
shown. For the Data Header write the name of the entry as shown on
the Simulated E-Mail Entry (above), and then type the
information,i.e. Vessel - Pita I.
 
        Data: The first line of the data entry contains the column
headings on the Data Sheet separated by the , (comma).  Each of the
following lines are a single line from the data sheet with each column
entry separated by theJ, (comma).
 
Data input example explanations using last line of entry (above):
15:20 = 3:20 PM - use 24 hr time
40 23' & 70 25' - Lat/Long coordinates taken from ship's electronics,
i.e. LORAN
250 ft.- depth taken either from location (fix) on chart or depth
sounder on boat.
Ba - species Minke (a listing of abbreviations will accompany packet)
7 - number of species of whale in area of boat
1+1+1+1+1+1+1 - grouping of whales, sometimes singles, pairs etc.
feeding - observed behavior (a listing of common behaviors will
accompany packet)
Use appropriate letters for space holders in data( i.e.d,s,n,g,b,n,w) see
above.
Day Totals - for day try to eliminate duplicate sightings of same
whales.
Hours from leaving to arriving at harbor mouth.
 
 
WhaleNet Sample & Start-up Activities
 
 
Activity 1:  Navigation
 
        Simple navigation methods can be used to involve
mathematics.  Using latitude and longitude, or a system of navigation
called LORAN (Long Range Aid to Navigation) the ship's position can
be plotted very accurately on a navigation chart.  The ship's track
can be plotted on a chart by taking a position check or fix
periodically by recording the time and ship's Lat/Long coordinates.
Prior to your trip laminate your chart or cover it with clear contact
paper.  The students can use water soluble fine tip markers to plot
the fixes and course as the day progresses.  Different colors can be
used to indicate different species sightings, etc.  The chart can be
reused when the fixes are washed off.  (Use Lat/Long if possible.)
 
        With the plot of the ship's course a number of activities can be
undertaken.  Plot the vessel's research track and calculate: the
distance covered, the rate of the vessel's travel from point to point
(D=R*T, " a minute's a mile the world around"), the depth of water at
various points can be found by checking the depth on the chart at
the point of the fix, and the topography of the research track can be
observed (see bathymetry below).
 
        Students can plot the track of the boat by recording the
Lat/Long coordinates at preset time intervals, i.e. every 15 minutes
and/or at every sighting of marine mammals, and then plotting these
points (taking a fix) on a chart of the area. (Charts are available for
$13.00 or a bathymetric (fishing) chart for $3.00 through boat yards
or boating magazines.  The bathymetric chart gives a better
visualization of the bottom topography and may be more helpful if a
study of bottom topography is planned.  The bathymetric chart also
has some LORAN lines on it, but not as many as the navigation chart.
NOTE: you only need the Lat/Long or two LORAN coordinates to plot
a position.)
 
        Using the research track, students should note locations,
depths, topography, etc. where marine mammals are observed along
with the behavior and activity observed.
 
 
Activity 2: Water Testing
 
        Water testing is an important part of oceanography and whale
research.  Activities such as testing the water temperature, density
and salinity are commonly measured qualities of sea water.  To
collect a water sample notify crew members, wait until the boat
STOPS COMPLETELY, drop a bucket with a line attached to the handle
overboard and bring up a water sample.  Use a thermometer to
measure the temperature, and a hydrometer to measure the density.
With the density and temperature, the salinity can be determined
using temp/density/salinity charts or graphs.
 
        The color of the water, sea state (wave height), wind velocity
and direction, and air temperature are also important bits of
information to the researcher.  This information is listed on the data
sheet.
 
 
Activity 3:  Plankton Tow and Analysis
 
        A plankton tow and analysis explains a great deal about why
the whales are where they are.  The plankton can be examined with
hand lenses or microscopes, and depending on the class age various
degrees of plankton analysis can be conducted.  Data on density of
plankton, identification of plankton types, etc. can be included.
 
        A discussion and development of food chains and food webs
would be a natural follow-up to the plankton tow.  Phytoplankton
(plants) and zoo-plankton (animals) can be observed under normal
conditions.  If only one plankton net can be purchased choose a
phytoplankton net.  It collects both plant and animal plankton.
 
 
Activity 4:  Data Collection
 
        Data collection should be made on: the location of the
observation, the species observed, the number of each species,
behavior of the organism, and any other information that might be
important.
        Data sheets should be photocopied from the one included in
advance of the trips and research groups can be assigned in any
manner appropriate to the class.  Groups can either be assigned to
take data for the class or groups can be assigned to take data
throughout the trip.  It would be suggested that only one person at a
time be assigned to record the position coordinates (Lat/Long) in the
pilot house, and the captain should be contacted and talked with
about the best procedure prior to the trip.  Some vessels have
Lat/Long or LORAN receivers in the public cabin, inquire at the time
you make your reservations.
 
        For more class involvement, additional data can be collected on
the pollution (floating trash) and bird sightings.  The Pollution Data
Table should include time sighted, location, type of trash, amount of
trash, composition of trash, etc.  The data of the times sighted can be
coordinated with the position recordings to approximate the location
of the trash sightings.  Totals of the trash sightings should be
included after the whale sighting information.  Bird sightings can also
be recorded in a similar fashion.  There is a bird sighting bulletin
board in EnviroNet, see the EnviroNet booklet for procedures to input
bird data.
 
 
Activity 5: Photo-Identification of Whales
 
        Photo-identification photographs of humpback whales taken on
the cruise should be recorded as follows: date, location, photo taken
by whom, what roll number of film (number each roll of film with
the initials of the photographer & roll number such as: JMW/95-
001), and what number on the roll.  The photographs can be used
later to identify the whale using a humpback whale catalogue or they
can be mailed to Allied Whale, College of the Atlantic, Bar Harbor,
Maine to be entered into the Humpback Whale Catalogue data base.
 
 
Activity 6:  Mathematics
 
        Plot the complete research track on a chart.  How many miles
did the trip cover?  What was the average speed of the boat from fix
to fix, for the entire trip?  What was the heading (compass direction)
on each leg of the trip?  How many sighting were made for each hour
of the trip?  (This is the "catch effort" used by whalers to compare
the efficiency of a trip.)  This method can also be used to compare
different trips, on different days, locations, boats, etc.
 
 
Activity 7:  Bathymetry
 
        Using graph paper placed along each leg of the research track
the bottom topography can be plotted and displayed.  Fold a piece of
graph paper along a line about one inch from the edge of the paper.
Place the graph paper on the track line drawn on the chart and using
a predetermined scale for depth on the vertical axis, plot the depth
of the bottom on the (vertical) Y-axis vs. appropriate/convenient
points on the (horizontal) X-axis.  Connect the strip profiles for each
leg of the cruise together to show the bottom topography of the
entire trip.
 
        Return to the bottom topography profile and note where on the
surface what species were sighted and what the behavior observed
was, i.e. feeding, logging, traveling, etc.  Is there a pattern of
behavior of the whales or the location of the whales to the bottom
topography?  Are sightings usually made over a specific type of
bottom?   Analyze the data from your trip.
 
Activity 8:  Topographic Model of the Bottom
 
        Construct a model of Stellwagen Bank.  Draw lines
perpendicular to the ridge line of the bank about one inch apart.
Have students use graph paper to make a profile of the bottom on
each line.  Glue the graph paper to pieces of cardboard and cut out
the profiles.  Line the cardboard profiles up one inch apart in clay or
similar substance to hold up the cardboard, and cover with damp
cloth or paper.  Press the cloth or paper down gently to the contour
of the cardboard, allow to dry, and spray with paint and allow to dry.
Use your imagination!
 
Activity 9: Analysis of Whale Watch Data
 
        Suggestions for analysis: (1) compare "catch efforts" (number of
sightings of a species for each hour on the whale watch) for different
days, different species, etc.; (2) compare the range of behaviors of
species on a given day; (3) compare data for Jeffrey's Ledge and
Stellwagen Bank on a given day or week; (4) compare numbers of
cow/calf pairs on given days; (5) calculate the number of whales
with killer whale scars; (6) compare the depths where the different
species were observed; (7) compare where most of the sightings
were, on the bank or ledge, over the deep water, etc. or (8) compare
numbers of sightings vs. sea state, cloud cover, wind velocity, etc.
 
Activity 10: Analysis of Marine Pollution
 
        Collect data on pollution and floating debris by using a data
sheet similar to the marine mammal data sheet, but substitute Object
for Species and Composition for Grouping.  Up-load the data using the
same procedure as for the marine mammals but use Pollution Data in
place of Data in the subject header.  We will also be collecting Coast
Sweep data in the future.
 
Activity 11: Analysis of Pelagic Birds
 
        Collect data on pelagic birds by using a data sheet similar to the
marine mammal data sheet.  Up-load the information by substituting
Bird Data in the subject header.
 
** NON-WHALE WATCHING CLASSROOMS **
 
        If you are one of the classrooms not going on a whale watch
but using the whale watch data, use the data sheets to copy data off
of the WhaleNet Bulletin Board.  You can then use the data in the
same way as those that did go on an actual whale watch.
 
 
WhaleNet Supplementary Materials
The listed materials may be purchased to supplement your classroom
curriculum.
 
 
Marine Science Activities on a Budget (booklet) - Contains a cross-
section of oceanographic activities that can be altered to
accommodate many grade levels.
 
The World of Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises - Interdisciplinary
Curriculum Units for Pre-K through High School (book) - This
contains 200+ pages of interdisciplinary activities, bibliographies, etc.
suitable for a wide range of interests, abilities, and grade levels.
 
How to Build an Inflatable (55 ft.) Fin Whale (booklet) - Instructions
on how to build a 55 foot long model of a whale that can be carried
in a duffel bag by one person.  Students and teachers can walk
inside.  Estimated cost for materials is between $40.00 and $50.00
 
Marine Science Bibliography (pamphlet) - Extensive bibliography for
a wide range of grade levels and interests from general knowledge,
children's books, to scientific information for the marine mammal
biologist.
 
Quantity        Item    Price   Expanded
Marine Science Activities on a Budget (booklet)  $13.00
The World of Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises - Interdisciplinary
Curriculum Units for Pre-K throughHigh School (book)  $20.00
How to Build an Inflatable (55 ft.) Fin Whale (booklet)   $8.00
Marine Science Bibliography(pamphlet)   $3.00
Prices (in US funds) include Shipping.
                                                        TOTAL -
_____________
 
Make Check payable to: J. Michael Williamson
 
Send order form to: J. Michael Williamson
                                    Your Name:____________________________
MICS                         Address ______________________________
20 Moynihan Rd.            _________________________________
So. Hamilton, MA 01982          _________________________________