Prepared by
Nancy Stevick
Allied Whale

First, I would send you to the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary home page at They have information about their sanctuary and others along the California coast.

There is also some information on gray whales on an Australian home page,


Bennett, Ben. 1983. The Oceanic Society Field Guide to the Gray Whale. San Francisco: Legacy Publishing Co.

Cummings, W.C., and P.O. Thompson. 1971. Gray Whales, Eschrichtius robustus, Avoid the Underwater Sounds of Killer Whales, Orcinus orca. Fishery Bulletin 69(3)525-530.

Gilmore, R.M. 1976. The Friendly Whales of Laguna San Ignacio. Terra 15:24-28.

Gilmore, R.M., R.L. Brownell, Jr., J.G. Mills, and A. Harrison. 1967. Gray Whales Near Yavaros, Southern Sonora, Golfo de California, Mexico. Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 14:198-203.

Gordon, D.G., and A. Baldridge. 1991. Gray Whales. Monterey, California: Monterey Bay Aquarium.

Hurley, D.E., and J.L. Mohr. 1957. On Whale-lice (Amphipoda: Cyamidae from the California Gray Whale, Eschrichtius glaucus. J. Parasitol. 43:352-357.

Jones, Mary Lou, Stephen Leatherwood, and Steven L. Swartz, eds. 1984. The Gray Whale. Orlando, Florida: Academic Press.

Kirkevold, Barbara C., and Joan S. Lockard, eds. 1986. Behavioral Biology of Killer Whales. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc.

Leatherwood, J.Stephen. 1974. Aerial Observations of Migrating Gray Whales, Eschrichtius robustus, Off Southern California, (1969-1972). Mar. Fish. Rev. 36(4):45-49.

Miller, Tom. 1975. The World of the California Gray Whale. Santa Ana, California: Baja Trail Publications.

Rice, Dale W., and Allen A. Wolman. 1971. The Life History and Ecology of the Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus). American Society of Mammalogists, Special Publication No. 3.

Swartz, Steven L., and Mary Lou Jones. 1987. Gray Whales of San Ignacio. National Geographic. 171:754-771.

Swartz, Steven L., and Mary Lou Jones. 1983. Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus) Calf Production and Mortality in the Winter Range. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 33:503-507.

Walker, Theodore J. 1979. Whale Primer, with Special Attention to the California Gray Whale. Washington, D.C.: Cabrillo Historical Association.

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